Causes of death in duodenal and gastric ulcer.

Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 12.82). 12/1977; 73(5):1000-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An analysis has been made of 235 deaths that occurred among 1905 patients with peptic ulcer who constituted a random sample of the occurrence of ulcer disease in an area of Denmark comprising half a million inhabitants. The disease itself, according to the death certificate, was considered the primary cause of death in 10% of the cases; half of these had been operated on immediately before death. The other patients died more frequently than expected from the following causes: chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, cancer of the lung, cirrhosis of the liver, and cancer of the pancreas. Although the comorbidity with chronic bronchitis and emphysema was especially pronounced in patients with gastric ulcer, the association with liver cirrhosis and cancer of the pancreas occurred only in patients with duodenal ulcer. In women the mortality rate attributable to cardiac and vascular diseases was lower than expected. No excess coincidence of suicide was found. Berkson's fallacy is considered to be of much less importance as a possible explanation of the comorbidity found in the present study than in the majority of publications concerned with this question.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ascitic fluid leukocytosis occurring in the cirrhotic patient in the absence of positive peritoneal cultures is often difficult to explain. A unique case of a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis, sterile ascites, and ascitic fluid leukocytosis demonstrated prior to the perforation of a duodenal ulcer has been presented. Based on the patient's clinical course and the pathological events in peptic ulceration of the stomach and duodenum, it is possible to postulate an explanation for the sterile ascitic fluid leukocytosis observed in this patient.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 11/1978; 23(12):1132-1136. · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently, research of indirect evidence suggested a possible association between Helicobacter pylori and pulmonary disease. This study aimed to determine if H. pylori could be detected in endobronchial specimens collected from patients undergoing bronchoscopy.
    Tanaffos 01/2011; 10(1):31-6.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peptic ulcer disease has been associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer, but findings on this topic are inconsistent. We investigated the association between pancreatic cancer and the occurrence of gastric or duodenal ulcer in a large US cohort. We analyzed data collected from 51,529 male health professionals in a prospective cohort study. History of peptic ulcer disease was assessed at baseline in 1986 and updated biennially thereafter. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models adjusting for smoking, body mass index, diabetes, and physical activity. During 18 years of follow-up evaluation, we observed 274 incident pancreatic cancer cases. Compared with those with report of no peptic ulcer disease, men with gastric ulcer had an increased risk of pancreatic cancer (RR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.13-2.97). Although the risk was highest for those with a diagnosis of gastric ulcer that was close in time to the cancer diagnosis (RR, 3.66; 95% CI, 1.45-9.24), the risk remained significantly increased 10-19 years after the gastric ulcer diagnosis (RR, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.26-6.64). In contrast, duodenal ulcer was not associated with pancreatic cancer risk (RR, 1.15; 95% CI, 0.78-1.71). Gastric ulcer increases the risk of pancreatic cancer, whereas there does not appear to be an association between duodenal ulcers and pancreatic cancer.
    Gastroenterology 10/2009; 138(2):541-9. · 12.82 Impact Factor