Electronic and magnetic properties of deformed and defective single wall carbon nanotubes

Department of Physics, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Ave., Tampa, FL 33620-5700, USA
Carbon 01/2009; DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2009.07.042

ABSTRACT The combined effect of radial deformation and defects on the properties of semiconducting single wall carbon nanotubes are studied using density functional theory. A Stone–Thrower–Wales defect, a substitutional nitrogen impurity, and a mono-vacancy at the highest curvature side of a radially strained nanotube are considered. The energies characterizing the deformation and defect formation, the band gap energies, and various bond lengths are calculated. We find that there is magneto-mechanical coupling behavior in the nanotube properties which can be tailored by the degree of radial deformation and the type of defect. The carbon nanotube energetics and magnetism are also explained in terms of electronic structure changes as a function of deformation and types of defects present in the structure.

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    ABSTRACT: This work reports a theoretical study of nicotine molecules interacting with single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) through ab initio calculations within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). Different adsorption sites for nicotine on the surface of pristine and defective (8,0) SWCNTs were analyzed and the total energy curves, as a function of molecular position relative to the SWCNT surface, were evaluated. The nicotine adsorption process is found to be energetically favorable and the molecule-nanotube interaction is intermediated by the tri-coordinated nitrogen atom from the nicotine. It is also predicted the possibility of a chemical bonding between nicotine and SWCNT through the di-coordinated nitrogen.
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