Article

Context-aware systems: A literature review and classification

POSMIS Lab, Industrial Management Engineering Building, Pohang University of Science Technology, (790-784) San 31, Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu, Pohang, Kyungbuk, South Korea
Expert Systems with Applications 01/2009; DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2008.10.071

ABSTRACT Nowadays, numerous journals and conferences have published articles related to context-aware systems, indicating many researchers’ interest. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to review the works that were published in journals, suggest a new classification framework of context-aware systems, and explore each feature of classification framework. This paper is based on a literature review of context-aware systems from 2000 to 2007 using a keyword index and article title search. The classification framework is developed based on the architecture of context-aware systems, which consists of the following five layers: concept and research layer, network layer, middleware layer, application layer and user infrastructure layer. The articles are categorized based on the classification framework. This paper allows researchers to extract several lessons learned that are important for the implementation of context-aware systems.

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