A 3D-impedimetric immunosensor based on foam Ni for detection of sulfate-reducing bacteria
ABSTRACT A 3D-immunosensor based on simple and efficient trapping platform (foam Ni) combining with adsorption of gold nanoparticles and specific recognition of biological/chemical molecular has been reported for detection of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The impedance spectra were also used to characterize the successful construct and stepwise modification of the impedimetric immunosensors. This results show that a linear relationship between electron-transfer resistance (Rct) values and the logarithm of the SRB concentrations was obtained for the SRB concentration range of 2.1 × 101–2.1 × 107 cfu/ml. Additionally, the fabricated immunosensor shows a high selectivity against other bacteria.
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ABSTRACT: The development of a rapid, sensitive, specific method for the foodborne pathogenic bacteria detection is of great importance to ensure food safety and security. In recent years impedimetric biosensors which integrate biological recognition technology and impedance have gained widespread application in the field of bacteria detection. This paper presents an overview on the progress and application of impedimetric biosensors for detection of foodborne pathogenic bacteria, particularly the new trends in the past few years, including the new specific bio-recognition elements such as bacteriophage and lectin, the use of nanomaterials and microfluidics techniques. The applications of these new materials or techniques have provided unprecedented opportunities for the development of high-performance impedance bacteria biosensors. The significant developments of impedimetric biosensors for bacteria detection in the last five years have been reviewed according to the classification of with or without specific bio-recognition element. In addition, some microfluidics systems, which were used in the construction of impedimetric biosensors to improve analytical performance, are introduced in this review.Sensors 01/2012; 12(3):3449-71. · 1.74 Impact Factor
Article: Direct detection of the biological toxin in acidic environment by electrochemical impedimetric immunosensor.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study describes the direct detection of the biological toxin (Ricin) in acidic environment without pH adjustment by hydrophobically modified electrochemical impedance immunosensor (EII). The nano-porous aluminum substrate for EII was hydrophobically modified via self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of APTES. Biosensor for the detection of the Ricin was fabricated by the covalent cross-linking of antibody (Ab) with APTES-SAM. The immunoreactions between the immobilized Ab and the biological toxin in several diagnostic solutions were monitored by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) under the polarization of EII versus reference electrode. EII could detect the presence of the biological toxin in acidic foods in 20 mins without pH adjustment. The negatively charged ions including hydroxides would be adsorbed on the hydrophobic body of APTES-SAMs by the polarization during EIS analysis, and offset the effect of acids on the immunological activity of the immobilized Ab. It suggested that the adsorption of negatively charged ions helped to keep the immunological activities of the immobilized Ab on EII in acidic environment. Proposed mechanism of the localized pH adjustment that makes possible immunoreaction occurrence in low pH sample matrix is briefly discussed.Sensors 01/2010; 10(12):11414-27. · 1.74 Impact Factor