Woodlots provide important environmental benefits in the Midwestern (USA) landscape, where they are undergoing rapid change. An increasingly diverse farm and non-farm population owns these non-industrial private forests (NIPFs). It is essential to understand what motivates NIPF landowners to retain and manage their forests. We describe a study of NIPF owners in an agricultural watershed where forest cover is increasing. What motivations and management practices might be contributing to this increase? The results of a survey of 112 NIPF owners suggest that aesthetic appreciation is the strongest motivator for retaining woodlots, especially by non-farmers. Protecting the environment also seems to be important for both farmers and non-farmers, while economic motivations are significantly less important. Landowners indicated that they are primarily taking a “hands-off” approach to management. This study provides insights for those interested in understanding NIPF landowners’ motivations and for developing effective programs.
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"These financial incentives are intended to tip the scale in favor of VIP preferred land management practices under the rational choice assumption that individuals use cost–benefit analysis to choose the most advantageous management option to meet ownership objectives among all possible known alternatives. This approach is sound in theory but, in practice, enrollment in VIPs has been notoriously low (Erickson et al., 2002; Mayer and Tikka, 2006; Ma et al., 2012). Although it is possible that the financial incentives of VIPs are simply too low to illicit significant levels of voluntary cooperation, we argue that low enrollment is also due to the effects of social influence on landowner choices and decision-making (Bliss and Martin, 1989; Bieling, 2004). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nonindustrial private forest (NIPF) owners make thousands of uncoordinated land use decisions that collectively and critically impact forest ecology. Prior research generally assumes private land use decisions adhere to the rational choice paradigm, driven primarily by cost–benefit calculations, such as financial considerations. Thus, when aiming to coordinate land use change in landscapes dominated by private property, policy makers often use economic or educational incentives to encourage enrollment in voluntary programs. Despite these incentives, enrollment in voluntary programs is notoriously low. The current study offers a possible explanation for this problem. It highlights the role of social influence in shaping NIPF land use decision-making. Our research draws on qualitative data gathered from interviews with 37 landowners in the western Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA, to discover how social influence affects land management practices, such as decisions to join voluntary programs. We find evidence that family traditions, community relationships, and locally defined social norms play key roles in shaping the land use decision options available to individual landowners. Local norms against clear cutting and trust (or lack thereof) in local experts and organizations were found to be particularly important. We also found evidence of cognitive dissonance associated with conflict between Scandinavian versus American traditions of public access to private lands.
Land Use Policy 05/2015; 45. DOI:10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.01.005 · 3.13 Impact Factor
"Perception is the process of awareness, alert and identification of the process that happens in the surrounding (Goodey, 1971). In fact, many studies indicated that the way people perceived their environment was affected by their demographic factor (Erickson et al., 2002; Kaltenborn & Bjerke, 2002; Gude et al., 2006; Benjamin et al., 2007; Bauer et al., 2009). While according to Zube et al. (1975), perception in the landscape is also influenced by an individual's memory and experiences, background cultural, beliefs and preference. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Urban dwellers are receiving benefits from the extensive new development of the commercial environment in the city. However, improper planning and rapid developments often result in the destruction of the natural elements and the loss of green space. Therefore, the combination of greenery element with urban structure such as a green roof become a trend in many developing and developed country to solve the problem. However, study on the perception of green roof for urban regeneration is less been investigated in Malaysian context. Thereby, this study aimed to discuss the topic based on a survey from 104 respondents.
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 01/2015; 170:128-136. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.022
"These actions and plans were to make properties more ''wildlife-friendly,'' by removing or changing fencing to ''allow safe passage for kangaroos'' and prevent micro-bats and gliders becoming entangled in barbed wire. These findings contrast with previous studies that found no evidence of conscious neighborly environmental management cooperation among American NIPFOs (Erickson et al. 2002) and Australian lifestyle landowners (Klepeis et al. 2009; Gill et al. 2010). Some landholders in the current study were also engaged in ''noncooperative'' cross-boundary forest management. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Effective landscape-level biodiversity conservation requires cooperative forest management across public and private-tenure boundaries. This study explores the potential for cooperative cross-boundary forest management among small-acreage lifestyle landholders in southeast Queensland using 17 in-depth qualitative case-study analyses. Landholders typically possessed mutual objectives concerning forest management, a sense of neighborly stewardship, and positive predispositions toward cooperative cross-boundary forest management. However, capacity, institutional, and neighbor-related barriers were limiting landholder interest and involvement. We find that peer-mentoring networks have a critical role to play in promoting and delivering programs that support cross-boundary forest management. Government should ideally play a background “out-of-sight” facilitator role. We also find the capacity for urbanizing rural landscapes to retain their natural values can be greatly enhanced by facilitating small-acreage landholder cooperation to maintain and restore their contiguous forests, mitigate wildfire hazards, and revegetate paddocks to buffer existing forests or create new fire-retardant forests.
Society and Natural Resources 07/2013; 26(7). DOI:10.1080/08941920.2012.719586 · 1.09 Impact Factor