Field-effect sensors for monitoring the layer-by-layer adsorption of charged macromolecules
ABSTRACT Capacitive EIS (electrolyte–insulator–semiconductor) sensors and ISFETs (ion-sensitive field-effect transistor) have been utilised for the detection of the layer-by-layer adsorption of charged macromolecules. The field-effect-based sensors with the adsorbed multilayers have been characterised by capacitance–voltage, constant-capacitance and constant-voltage-mode methods. The effect of the number and polarity of the polyelectrolyte layers on the shift of the capacitance–voltage curves along the capacitance and voltage axis has been investigated. Alternating potential shifts of about 30–50 mV have been observed after the adsorption of each polyanion and polycation layer, respectively. The possible mechanisms for the sensor response are discussed.
Article: Oxygen plasma-treated gold nanoparticle-based field-effect devices as transducer structures for bio-chemical sensing[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: EIS (electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor) sensors based on the functionalization of uncoated gold nanoparticles supported on a Si/SiO2 structure are presented. Oxygen plasma etching at moderate power (<200W) provides a convenient and efficient way to remove organic capping agents from the gold nanoparticles without significant damage. Higher power intensities destroy the linkage between the SiO2 and the gold nanoparticles, and some of the gold nanoparticles are removed from the surface. The flat-band potential shift, i.e. the pH dependence of the gold-coated EIS sensors is similar (33mV/pH) to the uncoated EIS pH-sensor. Lead, penicillin and glucose sensors were prepared by immobilization of β-cyclodextrin, penicillinase and glucose oxidase by various immobilization techniques.Microchimica Acta 02/2009; 164(3):395-404. · 3.03 Impact Factor