The impact of gun control (Bill C-51) on homicide in Canada
ABSTRACT Homicide is a multiply determined behavior, and single-factor prevention efforts have rarely been shown to have an impact on the homicide rate. Gun control has been proposed as an important component of society's response, and an opportunity for studying the effects of legislative gun control laws on homicide rates was provided by Canada's Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1977 (Bill C-51). This article reviews previous studies of the impact of this Act on the total population of Canada and subpopulations by age and sex and, in addition, presents the results of a multiple regression analysis, which controls for some social variables. It appears that Bill C-51 may have had an impact on homicide rates, at least for older victims.
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ABSTRACT: Populations vary in the structured opportunities that exist for suicide. The extent of gun ownership and the availability of toxic gas are two of the key facilitators of suicide (e.g., Clarke & Lester, 1989; Gundlach, 1990; Lester, 1990a. 1992a. 1996; Rich et al., 1990). For example, populations valuing gun ownership would be expected to have higher gun suicide rates, given that the former creates “lethal opportunities” for suicide by guns (e.g., Lester, 1996). For example, in the U.S. during 1953-1978 firearm suicide increased from 4.9 to 7.1 per 100,OOO population as guns became more available (Boyd, 1983). while non gun suicide fell from 5.9 to 5.4 per 100,000.Archives of Suicide Research 02/1998; 4(1):95-99. · 1.53 Impact Factor
Article: Gun control and suicide in Ontario.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of the 1978 Canadian gun control law on suicide rates in Ontario, the authors compared firearm and nonfirearm suicide rates for 1965-1977 with those for 1979-1989. There was a decrease in level and trend over time of firearm and total suicide rates and no indication of substitution of other methods. These decreases may be only partly due to the legislation.American Journal of Psychiatry 05/1994; 151(4):606-8. · 14.72 Impact Factor
- Social Problems - SOC PROBL. 01/1975; 23(1):81-93.