The impact of gun control (Bill C-51) on homicide in Canada
ABSTRACT Homicide is a multiply determined behavior, and single-factor prevention efforts have rarely been shown to have an impact on the homicide rate. Gun control has been proposed as an important component of society's response, and an opportunity for studying the effects of legislative gun control laws on homicide rates was provided by Canada's Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1977 (Bill C-51). This article reviews previous studies of the impact of this Act on the total population of Canada and subpopulations by age and sex and, in addition, presents the results of a multiple regression analysis, which controls for some social variables. It appears that Bill C-51 may have had an impact on homicide rates, at least for older victims.
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ABSTRACT: The epidemiology of a neglected form of suicidal behavior, Russian roulette, is addressed. Also tested is an explanation of racial differences based on the opportunity theory of deviant behavior related to the availability of revolvers, necessary weapons with which to play Russian roulette. Data refer to 15 cases of Russian roulette found through a search of the medical examiner's suicide files (N = 1,412) and 75 matched controls who suicided by a gunshot to the head. The results support an opportunity perspective: 80% of the Russian roulette victims were African American compared to 30.7% of the controls. Further, among the controls, Blacks were three times more likely than Whites to use revolvers in suicides, a pattern indicating Blacks' greater access to revolvers. Russian roulette victims were entirely male, significantly younger, and less apt to be married than the control group.Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 09/2008; 38(4):436-41. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Homicide rates in Canada have shown a decline since 1975, but there has been little empirical study of this trend. P. Holinger (1987) predicted and confirmed that the size of the cohort aged 15-24 in the United States population was associated with the rise and fall of the homicide rate in that country. This study was designed to test this hypothesis in Canada. The results show, even if one controls for other socio-economic variables, the most significant prediction of the decline was, indeed, the proportion of the youth population.Death Studies 04/2004; 28(3):263-5. · 0.92 Impact Factor