Effect of acyl donor chain length and sugar/acyl donor molar ratio on enzymatic synthesis of fatty acid fructose esters
ABSTRACT Lipase-catalyzed synthesis of fatty acid sugar esters through direct esterification was performed in 2-methyl 2-butanol as solvent. Fructose and saturated fatty acids were used as substrates and the reaction was catalyzed by immobilized Candida antarctica lipase. The effect of the initial fructose/acyl donor molar ratio and the carbon-chain length of the acyl donor as well as their reciprocal interactions on the reaction performance were investigated. For this purpose, an experimental design taking into account variations of the molar ratio (from 1:1 to 1:5) and the carbon-chain length of the fatty acid (from C8 to C18) was employed. Statistical analysis of the data indicated that the two factors as well as their interactions had significant effects on the sugar esters synthesis. The obtained results showed that whatever the molar ratio used, the highest concentration (73 g l−1), fructose and fatty acid conversion yields (100% and 80%, respectively) and initial reaction rate (40 g l−1 h−1) were reached when using the C18 fatty acid as acyl donor. Low molar ratios gave the best fatty acid conversion yields and initial reaction rates, whereas the best total sugar ester concentrations and fructose conversion yields were obtained for high molar ratios.
Process Biochemistry 01/2013; · 2.44 Impact Factor
Article: [Synthesis of glucose laurate monoester catalyzed by Candida antarctica lipase B-displaying Pichia pastoris whole-cells].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We developed a new enzymatic-catalyzing producing process of glucose laurate monoester. In the process we used Candida antarctica lipase B-displaying Pichia pastoris whole-cells as biocatalyst, glucose as the acyl acceptor and lauric acid as the acyl donor. The product glucose laurate monoester was purified by silica gel column chromatography and preparative liquid chromatography, and identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Then we optimized the process from various aspects, such as solvent composition, ratio of dmethyl sulfoxide to 2-Methyl-2-butanol (V/V), catalyst dosage, substrate concentration, water activity and temperature. The optimal reaction conditions were: glucose 0.5 mmol/L, lauric acid 1.0 mmol/L, ratio of 2-Methyl-2-butanol to Dmethyl sulfoxide is 7:3 in 5 mL volume, temperature 60 degrees C, the best initial water activity of whole-cells biocatalyst is 0.11. The maximum glucose conversion could be 48.7% after 72 h.Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 12/2009; 25(12):1933-9.