New cross-sections and intercomparison of deuteron monitor reactions on Al, Ti, Fe, Ni and Cu

Cyclotron Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (Impact Factor: 1.19). 04/2001; 174(3):235-258. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(00)00589-9

ABSTRACT The 27Al(d,x)22,24Na reactions are frequently used to monitor deuteron beams above 20 MeV. To extend possible monitoring energy region toward lower energies, new monitor reactions are proposed and experimental cross-sections are measured for the processes 27Al(d,x)22,24Na, natTi(d,x)48V, natFe(d,x)56Co, natNi(d,x)61Cu and natCu(d,x)65Zn. The excitation functions were studied using the activation method on stacks of thin metallic foil targets with natural isotopic composition. The data sets of the six processes were cross-checked with each other to provide reliable numerical cross-sections. Detailed literature compilation and critical comparison were made on the available data sets for the studied reactions. Predictions of model calculations were compared with the new experimental data. After establishing selection criteria, consistent data sets were chosen for each of the processes, which were then fitted with a spline or Padé method to provide recommended cross-sections.


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May 19, 2014