Synthesis and antitrypanosomal evaluation of E-isomers of 5-nitro-2-furaldehyde and 5-nitrothiophene-2-carboxaldehyde semicarbazone derivatives. Structure–activity relationships.
ABSTRACT Several novel semicarbazone derivatives were prepared from 5-nitro-2-furaldehyde or 5-nitrothiophene-2-carboxaldehyde and semicarbazides bearing a spermidine-mimetic moiety. All derivatives presented the E-configuration, as determined by NMR-NOE experiments. These compounds were tested in vitro as potential antitrypanosomal agents, and some of them, together with the parent compounds, 5-nitro-2-furaldehyde and 5-nitrothiophene-2-carboxaldehyde semicarbazone derivatives, were also evaluated in vivo using infected mice. Structure–activity relationship studies were carried out using voltammetric response and lipophilic–hydrophilic balance as parameters. Two of the compounds (1 and 3) displayed the highest in vivo activity. A correlation was found between lipophilic–hydrophilic properties and trypanocidal activity, high RM values being associated with low in vivo effects.
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ABSTRACT: Here we report identification of new lead compounds based on quinoline and indenoquinolines with variable side chains as antiprotozoal agents. Quinolines 32, 36 and 37 (Table 1) and indenoquinoline derivatives 14 and 23 (Table 2) inhibit the in vitro growth of the Trypanosoma cruzi, Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense subspecies and Leishmania infantum with IC50=0.25μM. These five compounds have superior activity to that of the front-line drugs such as benznidazole, nifurtimox and comparable to amphotericin B. Thus these compounds constitute new 'leads' for further structure-activity studies as potential active antiprotozoal agents.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 01/2013; 23:2750–2758. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The search for possible conformations of 2-formylpyridine (H2FoPyS), 3-formylpyridine (H3FoPyS), and 4-formylpyridine (H4FoPyS) semicarbazones was carried out using potential energy surface method at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory. Thermodynamic quantities of amino-imino tautomerizations of the most stable conformers for H2FoPyS (o-Atctcc), H3FoPyS (m-Acttcc), and H4FoPyS (p-Atttcc) determined via the transition states with and without water-assisted proton transfers, derived from the frequencies calculations at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level in gas and aqueous phases are reported.Structural Chemistry 01/2007; 18(5):555-561. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The titled compounds were prepared from 2-amino-5-heptadecyl[1,3,4]thiadiazole (1). Diazotization of (1) produced (2) which was coupled with active methylene compounds and gave azo ⇌ hydrazono derivatives (3A, 3B)a–d . It was found that there is regio-specificity for addition of different nucleophiles to these tautomers; thus, nitrogen nucleophiles such as hydrazine hydrate, hydroxylamine hydrochloride and thiourea were reacted via Azo tautomer (3A) to yield pyrazole, isoxazole and pyrimidine respectively (5-7), while carbon nucleophiles as phenylisocyanate was reacted via the hydrazono tautomer (3B) and produced triazine derivatives (4). Additionally, the diazonium chloride (2) was coupled with alkaline 2-naphthol and produced 2-(5-heptadecyl-[1,3,4]thiadiazol-2-yl)-1,2-dihydro-3-oxa-1,2-diaza-cyclopenta[a]naphthalene (8). UV–visible spectra of the synthesized colored compounds (2-8) showed λ max at 374–398 nm, while screening these compounds in vitro against micro-organisms (including structure-activity relationship SAR study) revealed high antibacterial and moderate antifungal activities. Propoxylation of compounds 1, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 with 3, 5, 7 mol of propylene oxide produced nonionic surfactants I(a–c)–IX(a–c) having surface active properties so, it is clear that the tested surfactants can be used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, cosmetics, emulsifiers, pesticides, luminphores for optical applications and many other industries with low toxicity to human beings and the environment owing to their high solubility and good biodegradability.Journal of Surfactants and Detergents 03/2012; 15(2):179-190. · 1.52 Impact Factor