Article

Dynamic expression and regulation by Fgf8 and Pou2 of the zebrafish LIM-only gene, lmo4

{ "0" : "Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 364 Plantation Street/LRB822, Worcester, MA 01605, USA" , "2" : "Mary Ellen Lane, Alexander P Runko, Nicole M Roy, Charles G Sagerström"}
Gene Expression Patterns (Impact Factor: 1.36). 12/2002; 119. DOI: 10.1016/S0925-4773(03)00114-X

ABSTRACT We report the expression of zebrafish lmo4 during the first 48 h of development. Like its murine ortholog, lmo4 is expressed in somitic mesoderm, branchial arches, otic vesicles, and limb (pectoral fin) buds. In addition, however, we report zebrafish lmo4 expression in the developing eye, cardiovascular tissue, and the neural plate and telencephalon. We demonstrate that expression in the rostral hindbrain requires acerebellar (ace/fgf8) and spielohnegrenzen (spg/pou2) activity.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Mary Ellen Lane, Oct 21, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
59 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The neural crest (NC) is a population of multipotent stem cell-like progenitors that arise at the neural plate border in vertebrates and migrate extensively before giving rise to diverse derivatives. A number of components of the neural crest gene regulatory network (NC-GRN) are used reiteratively to control multiple steps in the development of these cells. It is therefore important to understand the mechanisms that control the distinct function of reiteratively used factors in different cellular contexts, and an important strategy for doing so is to identify and characterize the regulatory factors they interact with. Here we report that the LIM adaptor protein, LMO4, is a Slug/Snail interacting protein that is essential for NC development. LMO4 is expressed in NC forming regions of the embryo, as well as in the central nervous system and the cranial placodes. LMO4 is necessary for normal NC development as morpholino-mediated knockdown of this factor leads to loss of NC precursor formation at the neural plate border. Misexpression of LMO4 leads to ectopic expression of some neural crest markers, but a reduction in the expression of others. LMO4 binds directly to Slug and Snail, but not to other components of the NC-GRN and can modulate Slug-mediated neural crest induction, suggesting a mechanistic link between these factors. Together these findings implicate LMO4 as a critical component of the NC-GRN and shed new light on the control of Snail family repressors.
    Developmental Biology 11/2011; 361(2):313-25. DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2011.10.034 · 3.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Six3 and Rx3 homeodomain proteins are essential for the specification and proliferation of forebrain and retinal precursor cells of the vertebrate brain, and the regulatory networks that control their expression are beginning to be elucidated. We identify the zebrafish lmo4b gene as a negative regulator of forebrain growth that acts via restriction of six3 and rx3 expression during early segmentation stages. Loss of lmo4b by morpholino knockdown results in enlargement of the presumptive telencephalon and optic vesicles and an expansion of the post-gastrula expression domains of six3 and rx3. Overexpression of lmo4b by mRNA injection causes complementary phenotypes, including a reduction in the amount of anterior neural tissue, especially in the telencephalic, optic and hypothalamic primordia, and a dosage-sensitive reduction in six3 and rx3 expression. We suggest that lmo4b activity is required at the neural boundary to restrict six3b expression, and later within the neural plate to for attenuation of rx3 expression independently of its effect on six3 transcription. We propose that lmo4b has an essential role in forebrain development as a modulator of six3 and rx3 expression, and thus indirectly influences neural cell fate commitment, cell proliferation and tissue growth in the anterior CNS.
    Developmental Biology 10/2007; 309(2):373-85. DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2007.07.004 · 3.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ldb1, a ubiquitously expressed LIM domain binding protein, is essential in a number of tissues during development. It interacts with Gata1, Tal1, E2A and Lmo2 to form a transcription factor complex regulating late erythroid genes. We identify a number of novel Ldb1 interacting proteins in erythroleukaemic cells, in particular the repressor protein Eto-2 (and its family member Mtgr1), the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdk9, and the bridging factor Lmo4. MO-mediated knockdowns in zebrafish show these factors to be essential for definitive haematopoiesis. In accordance with the zebrafish results these factors are coexpressed in prehaematopoietic cells of the early mouse embryo, although we originally identified the complex in late erythroid cells. Based on the change in subcellullar localisation of Eto-2 we postulate that it plays a central role in the transition from the migration and expansion phase of the prehaematopoietic cells to the establishment of definitive haematopoietic stem cells.
    Development 03/2007; 133(24):4913-23. DOI:10.1242/dev.02656 · 6.27 Impact Factor