Article

Content of antinutritional factors and HCl-extractability of minerals from white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) cultivars: Influence of soaking and/or cooking

Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Khartoum North 13314, Shambat, Sudan
Food Chemistry 01/2007; DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.09.060

ABSTRACT White bean seeds were subjected to soaking in distilled water for 1, 2 and 3 days. In order to perform complete processing, the seeds were cooked until soft. Effects of soaking and/or cooking of white bean seeds on antinutritional factors, mineral contents and HCl-extractability were studied. Phytic acid and polyphenol contents of all cultivars were reduced. Soaking alone and soaking, followed by cooking, reduced mineral contents of the cultivars, but HCl-extractability was significantly (P ⩽ 0.01) improved to varying extents, depending on cultivar type. Soaking and/or cooking treatment was thus found to be an effective technique and caused further improvement in the availability of both major and trace minerals in white bean.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
80 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The changes in physical, chemical and sensory properties of common bean (CB) and chickpea (CP) bulgur prepared with different cooking (atmospheric, pressure and microwave) and drying (oven at 60, 70 and 80C; microwave at 350 and 700 W) processes were investigated. Neither the cooking methods nor the drying methods significantly affected the ash and protein contents of CB and CP bulgur. Pressure cooking gave lower phytate phosphorus and higher bulgur yield and volume increase values when compared to the other cooking methods. Average bulgur yields were found as 82% for CB and 84% for CP. Cooking processes decreased the phytic acid content of the bulgurs between 25.2 and 39.5% according to raw legume. Ca, K, Mg, P, Zn, Cu and Fe contents of the bulgurs decreased in variable degrees (8.69–28.5%) when compared to raw materials. Pressure cooked and oven (80C) dried bulgur samples in the case of bulgur pilaf were appreciated by the panelists in terms of overall acceptability.PRACTICAL APPLICATIONSBulgur is a valuable cereal product with its high nutritional value and long shelf life. In this research, bulgur process was applied successfully on common bean and chickpea, and new legume-based bulgur products improved. The bulgur yield (BY) of the legumes was above 80%. Pressure cooking increased the nutritional, sensory and technological quality of the legume bulgurs.
    Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 06/2009; 33(5):590 - 604. · 0.45 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Australian grown faba beans of different seed coat colours were either soaked, boiled or autoclaved, and analysed for phenolic contents and antioxidant activity using an array of reagent-based assays. Soaking, boiling and autoclaving were shown to lower the level of active compounds in faba beans. A significant amount of active compounds was leached to the soaking and cooking medium. Boiling was a better method in retaining active compounds in beans than autoclaving. The boiled beans had more active compounds than those of resulting cooking broths, which was the opposite observation when autoclaving. The buff-genotypes had a similar level of active compounds to red- and green-genotypes. The high performance liquid chromatography-post column derivatisation (HPLC-PCD) system detected a dense collection of high antioxidant HPLC peaks ('humps') in extracts of raw, soaked and boiled beans. The present findings encouraged consumption of faba beans together with cooking broth for the maximum potential health benefits.
    Food Chemistry 01/2014; 142:461-8. · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The biochemical and functional properties of 2 hard-to-cook common bean cultivars (Phaseolus vulgaris, L.) were investigated after the extrusion process. Beans of BRS pontal and BRS grafite cultivars were milled and extruded at 150 degrees C, with a compression ratio screw of 3 : 1, 5-mm die, and screw speed of 150 rpm. Extrudate flours were evaluated for water solubility (WS), water absorption index (WAI), oil absorption capacity (OAC), foaming capacity (FC), emulsifying activity (EA), antinutritional factors, and in vitro protein and starch digestibility. Results indicated that the extrusion significantly decreased antinutrients such as phytic acid, lectin, alpha-amylase, and trypsin inhibitors, reduced the emulsifying capacity and eliminated the FC in both BRS pontal and BRS grafite cultivars. In addition, the WS, WAI, and in vitro protein and starch digestibility were improved by the extrusion process. These results indicate that it is possible to produce new extruded products with good functional and biochemical properties from these common bean cultivars.
    Journal of Food Science 04/2010; 75(3):C286-90. · 1.78 Impact Factor