Total duplicate exstrophic bladder and urethra
ABSTRACT A rare variant of incomplete bladder exstrophy with an intact internal bladder and urethra and a duplicate exstrophic bladder and urethra is reported.
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ABSTRACT: Summary— Seven cases of bladder duplication are described, and compared with 27 cases of urethral duplication. Bladder duplication was collateral while urethral duplication was usually in the sagittal plane. The conditions may coexist when the duplication of the bladder extends caudally to produce a collateral urethral duplication, but in one boy bladder duplication was associated with 4 urethrae in the sagittal plane. In 5 cases the bladders were united; in 2 cases, one bladder was excised. The results were satisfactory in 6 and in one the bladder failed to empty. The basic defects that lead to duplication are unknown. Several features of the conditions suggest that there are different aetiologies in each type. There are similarities with the exstrophy epispadias complex. Even when there are major abnormalities in other systems the general and urological prognosis is good.British Journal of Urology 01/1980; 51(6):481-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1464-410X.1979.tb03583.x
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ABSTRACT: To describe a unique approach to the management of duplicate bladder exstrophy combining initial bladder closure and epispadias repair. Bladder exstrophy has been successfully managed by staged surgical repair with early bladder closure, subsequent epispadias repair, and, finally, bladder neck reconstruction. Duplicate bladder exstrophy is a rare variant of the exstrophy complex with fewer than 20 cases reported. A male newborn presented with the appearance of both bladder exstrophy and a ruptured omphalocele. Repair of the omphalocele and bilateral orchiopexy was performed shortly after birth, but bladder closure was delayed until there was complete healing of the omphalocele defect, and the investigators believed the infant was ready for abdominal wall and bladder exstrophy closure. At age 8 months, bladder closure was performed with the intraoperative finding of a duplicate bladder lying posterior to the exstrophied bladder. The left ureter drained on the exstrophic bladder plate, and the right ureter drained into the posterior (internalized) duplicate bladder. After anterior innominate and vertical iliac osteotomies, the left ureter was reimplanted into the posterior bladder. A portion of the exstrophied bladder was then tubularized to construct a neourethra of the epispadic penis. The child has done well with an excellent cosmetic appearance of the abdominal wall and a straight phallus. The bladder subsequently required a Mitrofanoff-type continent stoma along with bladder augmentation, which was performed at the time of his Young-Dees-Leadbetter bladder neck reconstruction (age 3.5). The child is currently continent but requires intermittent clean catheterization through his appendicovesicostomy. The investigators report a unique and unexpected variant of bladder exstrophy and its successful management.Urology 03/1999; 53(2):401-4. DOI:10.1016/S0090-4295(98)00482-8 · 2.13 Impact Factor
Article: Duplicate exstrophy of the bladder.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Duplicate exstrophy of the bladder is a rare, distinct congenital anomaly without additional major anomalies of the urinary tract. A 15-year-old boy with duplicate exstrophy is reported on, and the possible role of bladder sequestration in the development of classical musculoskeletal deformities in this anomaly is discussed.Journal of Pediatric Surgery 05/1999; 34(4):626-7. DOI:10.1016/S0022-3468(99)90090-8 · 1.31 Impact Factor
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