Transmission power and data rate aware routing on wireless networks
ABSTRACT Wireless networks can vary both the transmission power and modulation of links. Existing routing protocols do not take transmission power control (TPC) and modulation adaptation (also known as rate adaptation – RA) into account at the same time, even though the performance of wireless networks can be significantly improved when routing algorithms use link characteristics to build their routes. This article proposes and evaluates extensions to routing protocols to cope with TPC and RA. The enhancements can be applied to any link state or distance vector routing protocols. An evaluation considering node density, node mobility and link error show that TPC- and RA-aware routing algorithms improve the average latency and the end-to-end throughput, while consuming less energy than traditional protocols.
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ABSTRACT: Communication is usually the most energy-consuming event in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). One way to significantly reduce energy consumption is applying transmission power control (TPC) techniques to dynamically adjust the transmission power. This article presents two new TPC techniques for WSNs. The experimental evaluation compares the performance of the TCP techniques with B-MAC, the standard MAC protocol of the Mica 2 platform. These experiments take into account different distances among nodes, concurrent transmissions and node mobility. The new transmission power control techniques decrease energy consumption by up to 57% over B-MAC while maintaining the reliability of the channel. Under a low mobility scenario, the proposed protocols delivered up to 95% of the packets, showing that such methods are able to cope with node movement. We also show that the contention caused by higher transmission levels might be lower than analytical models suggest, due to the action of the capture effect.Computer Networks. 01/2007;
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ABSTRACT: Over the past few years, wireless networking technologies have made vast forays into our daily lives. Today, one can find 802.11 hardware and other personal wireless technology employed at homes, shopping malls, coffee shops and airports. Present-day wireless network deployments bear two important properties: they are unplanned, with most access points (APs) deployed by users in a spontaneous manner, resulting in highly variable AP densities; and they are unmanaged, since manually configuring and managing a wireless network is very complicated. We refer to such wireless deployments as being chaotic.In this paper, we present a study of the impact of interference in chaotic 802.11 deployments on end-client performance. First, using large-scale measurement data from several cities, we show that it is not uncommon to have tens of APs deployed in close proximity of each other. Moreover, most APs are not configured to minimize interference with their neighbors. We then perform trace-driven simulations to show that the performance of end-clients could suffer significantly in chaotic deployments. We argue that end-client experience could be significantly improved by making chaotic wireless networks self-managing. We design and evaluate automated power control and rate adaptation algorithms to minimize interference among neighboring APs, while ensuring robust end-client performance.Wireless Networks 01/2007; 13:737-755. · 0.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: MPEG-4 and H.263 encoded video is expected to account for a large portion of thetraffic in future wireline and wireless networks. However, due to a lack of sufficiently longframe size traces of MPEG-4 and H.263 encoded videos, most network performance evaluationsuse currently MPEG-1 encodings. In this technical report we present a publiclyavailable library of frame size traces of long MPEG-4 and H.263 encoded videos, whichwe have generated at the Technical University Berlin. The frame ...IEEE Network - NETWORK. 01/2000;