Amperometric biosensor based on carbon nanotubes coated with polyaniline/dendrimer-encapsulated Pt nanoparticles for glucose detection
ABSTRACT A novel amperometric glucose biosensor based on the nanocomposites of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT) coated with polyaniline (PANI) and dendrimer-encapsulated Pt nanoparticles (Pt-DENs) is prepared. CNT coated with protonated PANI is in situ synthesized and Pt-DENs is absorbed on PANI/CNT composite surface by self-assembly method. Then Glucose oxidase (GOx) is crosslink-immobilizated onto Pt-DENs/PANI/CNT composite film. The results show that the fabricated GOx/Pt-DENs/PANI/CNT electrode exhibits excellent response performance to glucose, such as low detection limit (0.5 µM), wide linear range (1 µM–12 mM), short response time (about 5 s), high sensitivity (42.0 µA mM− 1 cm− 2) and stability (83% remains after 3 weeks).
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ABSTRACT: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.Sensors and Actuators B Chemical 05/2013; · 3.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel glucose biosensor was fabricated by integrating glucose oxidase (GOx) with chitosan/NiFe2O4 nanoparticles (CHIT/NiFe2O4NPs) on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The properties of CHIT/NiFe2O4NPs/GOx were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The GCE modified with the CHIT/NiFe2O4NPs/GOx showed excellent electrocatalytical response to the oxidation of glucose when ferrocene carboxylic acid was used as an artificial redox mediator, which was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV). Different parameters including GOx concentration, working potential and pH of supporting electrolyte that governed the analytical performance of the biosensor, have been studied in detail and optimized. The biosensor was applied to detect glucose with a linear range of 1 × 10−4–2.0 × 10−2 mol L−1. The biosensor exhibited excellent performance for glucose at applied potential of 0.6 V with a fast response time (<4 s).Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. 01/2010;
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ABSTRACT: Glucose enzyme biosensors have been shown useful for a range of applications from medical diagnosis, bioprocess monitoring, to beverage industry and environmental monitoring. We present here a highly sensitive glucose enzyme sensor based on Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs)-polyaniline (PAni) hydrogel heterostructures. High-density PtNPs were homogeneously loaded onto the three-dimensional (3D) nanostructured matrix of the PAni hydrogel. The PtNP/PAni hydrogel heterostructure-based glucose sensor synergizes the advantages of both the conducting hydrogel and the nanoparticle catalyst. The porous structure of the PAni hydrogel favored the high density immobilization of the enzyme and the penetration of water-soluble molecules, which helped efficiently catalyze the oxidation of glucose. In addition, the PtNPs catalyzed the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide that was generated during the enzymatic reaction. The transferred charges from these electrochemical processes were efficiently collected by the highly conducting PtNP/PAni hydrogel heterostructures. The glucose enzyme sensor based on this heterostructure exhibited unprecedented sensitivity, as high as 96.1 μA●mM-1●cm-2, with a response time as fast as 3 s, a linear range of 0.01 to 8 mM, and a low detection limit of 0.7 μM.ACS Nano 03/2013; · 12.03 Impact Factor