Amperometric biosensor based on carbon nanotubes coated with polyaniline/dendrimer-encapsulated Pt nanoparticles for glucose detection
ABSTRACT A novel amperometric glucose biosensor based on the nanocomposites of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT) coated with polyaniline (PANI) and dendrimer-encapsulated Pt nanoparticles (Pt-DENs) is prepared. CNT coated with protonated PANI is in situ synthesized and Pt-DENs is absorbed on PANI/CNT composite surface by self-assembly method. Then Glucose oxidase (GOx) is crosslink-immobilizated onto Pt-DENs/PANI/CNT composite film. The results show that the fabricated GOx/Pt-DENs/PANI/CNT electrode exhibits excellent response performance to glucose, such as low detection limit (0.5 µM), wide linear range (1 µM–12 mM), short response time (about 5 s), high sensitivity (42.0 µA mM− 1 cm− 2) and stability (83% remains after 3 weeks).
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ABSTRACT: New nano-scale drug carriers offer the possibility of increasing the therapeutic index of drug molecules by increasing their effectiveness, diminishing their toxicity against physiological tissues and achieving controlled therapeutic levels for a prolonged time. This review gives an overview of approaches to the development of these novel complex nanocarriers with emphasis on those involving dendrimers and related systems. The combination of two of more nano-sized units for producing an overall system with unique properties could be advantageous compared to more simple nanotechnology-based carriers. Recent advances in medicinal chemistry offer the possibility of exact tailoring of the properties of such complex systems which, in conjunction with full physicochemical characterization, may lead to novel and highly effective drug products. An assessment is given of the potential of systems such as chimeric advanced Drug Delivery nano Systems (chi-aDDnSs) for the delivery of drugs compared with conventional carriers. Rational synthesis of molecules that can act as modulators of the properties of chi-aDDnSs and may be the future in the design and development of nanocarriers, not only for the delivery of drug molecules but also for genetic material and imaging agents.Current Medicinal Chemistry 09/2012; · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glucose enzyme biosensors have been shown useful for a range of applications from medical diagnosis, bioprocess monitoring, to beverage industry and environmental monitoring. We present here a highly sensitive glucose enzyme sensor based on Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs)-polyaniline (PAni) hydrogel heterostructures. High-density PtNPs were homogeneously loaded onto the three-dimensional (3D) nanostructured matrix of the PAni hydrogel. The PtNP/PAni hydrogel heterostructure-based glucose sensor synergizes the advantages of both the conducting hydrogel and the nanoparticle catalyst. The porous structure of the PAni hydrogel favored the high density immobilization of the enzyme and the penetration of water-soluble molecules, which helped efficiently catalyze the oxidation of glucose. In addition, the PtNPs catalyzed the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide that was generated during the enzymatic reaction. The transferred charges from these electrochemical processes were efficiently collected by the highly conducting PtNP/PAni hydrogel heterostructures. The glucose enzyme sensor based on this heterostructure exhibited unprecedented sensitivity, as high as 96.1 μA●mM-1●cm-2, with a response time as fast as 3 s, a linear range of 0.01 to 8 mM, and a low detection limit of 0.7 μM.ACS Nano 03/2013; · 12.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.Sensors and Actuators B Chemical 05/2013; · 3.54 Impact Factor