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Ureteric Obstruction and Hydronephrosis in Baladi goats: Topographical anatomy, Ultrasonographical, Hematological and Pathological findings

Small Ruminant Research (Impact Factor: 1.12). 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was performed to observe and examine the abdominal organs structure and position by contrast X-ray, ultrasonography and Computed Tomography (CT) and the function of the gastrointestinal tract to establish a basics diagnostic aid to be for use by anatomists, radiologists, surgeons and veterinary students. The stomach, intestine, liver, spleen, the caudal vena cava, portal vein and gall bladder were examined by contrast X-ray, ultrasonography and CT scans in twelve zaraibi goats aging 1-1.5 years and weighing 25-30 kg. The caudal vena cava, portal vein and gall bladder diameters decreased from the 9th to the 12th intercostal spaces through ultrasonographic imaging measurement. The fatty liver infiltration determined by ultrasonography. The radiographic examined the structural pattern of the abdominal organs by contrast X-ray, ultrasonography and computed tomography and the function of the gastrointestinal tract to establish a basics diagnostic aid. The obtained results cleared that contrast X-ray, ultrasonography and CT were safe, practical and easily performed in goat. Both radiographic and ultrasonographic procedures were complimentary in the evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract, spleen and liver condition while CT scans was a superior soft tissue differentiation over conventional X-ray techniques.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to report a rare congenital urinary tract anomaly in a goat kid. A 2-day-old male goat (Capra hircus) showed depression, inappetence, pain, vocalizing, and the existence of a small bag at the bottom of the abdominal region. Physical examination revealed the absence of fever, increased heart rate, and increased breathing rate. The urinary tract was absent in the anterior part of the urethra (agenesis). Urine was contained in the penile urethral diverticulum. The urethral process was absent. A slot on the diverticulum was created with a surgical blade. The gap was not sutured. The kid was treated with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs. Ten days later, the kid was reexamined, and the edges of the urine output gap in the bottom of the diverticulum were relieved. Urine passed readily from this opening, and clinical symptoms were absent. KeywordsDiverticulum–Hypospadias–Male kid–Urethra
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