La toxi-infection alimentaire
ABSTRACT Current increase in the incidence of foodborne disease outbreak in developped countries is mainly due to salmonella, especially Salmonella Enteritidis over the five last years. From environmental sources, these bacteria can originate contamination of untreated foods like eggs, meats, shellfish, as well as every link of the food chain. Most foodborne disease outbreaks due to salmonella are associated with food prepared at home. Infection results in acute but mild gastroenteritis, except in newborn and elderly patients whose death-to-case ratio is higher, especially in hospital or institution. Early epidemiological survey must be performed in every foodborne disease outbreak. Clinical, bacteriological and food data have to be carefully collected, for a computer assisted analysis. When implicated pathogen, food vehicle, source of contamination and contributing factors are identified, control measures are immediately taken to prevent recurrences. Systematic reporting of foodborne disease outbreaks is compulsory in order to implement a national epidemiological surveillance.
- FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 06/1996; 14(2-3):129-134. DOI:10.1016/0928-8244(96)00021-1 · 2.55 Impact Factor
- MÃ©decine et Maladies Infectieuses 01/2001; 31(7):508-510. DOI:10.1016/S0399-077X(01)00255-4 · 0.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Discrimination of 70 Salmonella strains previously studied by ribotyping was realized by RAPD and ERIC-PCR analysis. RAPD results on the 56 S. typhimurium isolates did not closely match those of ribotyping. With ERIC-PCR, two fingerprints only were obtained. For the 14 S. enteritidis strains, a helpful discrimination was obtained with RAPD analysis, while ERIC-PCR resulted in a single fingerprint.FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 05/1996; 14(2‐3):129 - 134. DOI:10.1111/j.1574-695X.1996.tb00279.x · 2.55 Impact Factor