On the design of resilient heterogeneous wireless sensor networks based on small world concepts
ABSTRACT In this work, we propose on-line models to design heterogeneous sensor network topologies with small world features. The proposed model takes into account the data communication flow in this kind of network to create network shortcuts toward the sink node in such a way that the communication between the sink and the sensor nodes is optimized. The endpoints of these shortcuts are nodes with more powerful hardware, leading to a heterogeneous sensor network. We evaluate the on-line models and show that they present the same small world features observed in the theoretical models. When the shortcuts are created toward the sink node, with a small number of powerful sensors, the network presents better small world features and interesting tradeoffs between energy and latency in the data communication when compared with the Random Additional Model. We evaluate the resilience of the on-line models considering general and specific failures and, in both cases, the proposed model is more robust and presents a graceful degradation of the network latency, which shows the resilience of those models.
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ABSTRACT: This paper provides an analytical model for the study of energy consumption in multihop wireless embedded and sensor networks where nodes are extremely power constrained. Low-power optimization techniques developed for conventional ad hoc networks are not sufficient as they do not properly address particular features of embedded and sensor networks. It is not enough to reduce overall energy consumption, it is also important to maximize the lifetime of the entire network, that is, maintain full network connectivity for as long as possible. This paper considers different multihop scenarios to compute the energy per bit, efficiency and energy consumed by individual nodes and the network as a whole. The analysis uses a detailed model for the energy consumed by the radio at each node. Multihop topologies with equidistant and optimal node spacing are studied. Numerical computations illustrate the effects of packet routing, and explore the effects of coding and medium access control. These results show that always using a simple multihop message relay strategy is not always the best procedure.International Journal of Wireless Information Networks 10/2004;
- Communications of The ACM - CACM. 01/2000;
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ABSTRACT: Many complex systems display a surprising degree of tolerance against errors. For example, relatively simple organisms grow, persist and reproduce despite drastic pharmaceutical or environmental interventions, an error tolerance attributed to the robustness of the underlying metabolic networkNature 07/2000; 406(6794):378-382. · 38.60 Impact Factor