Global optimization of case-based reasoning for breast cytology diagnosis
ABSTRACT Case-based reasoning (CBR) is one of the most popular prediction techniques in medical domains because it is easy to apply, has no possibility of overfitting, and provides a good explanation for the output. However, it has a critical limitation – its prediction performance is generally lower than other AI techniques like artificial neural networks (ANN). In order to obtain accurate results from CBR, effective retrieval and matching of useful prior cases for the problem is essential, but it is still a controversial issue to design a good matching and retrieval mechanism for CBR systems. In this study, we propose a novel approach to enhance the prediction performance of CBR. Our suggestion is the simultaneous optimization of feature weights, instance selection, and the number of neighbors that combine using genetic algorithms (GA). Our model improves the prediction performance in three ways – (1) measuring similarity between cases more accurately by considering relative importance of each feature, (2) eliminating useless or erroneous reference cases, and (3) combining several similar cases represent significant patterns. To validate the usefulness of our model, this study applied it to a real-world case for evaluating cytological features derived directly from a digital scan of breast fine needle aspirate (FNA) slides. Experimental results showed that the prediction accuracy of conventional CBR may be improved significantly by using our model. We also found that our proposed model outperformed all the other optimized models for CBR using GA.
- SourceAvailable from: Salama MostafaInternational Journal of Computer Applications. 06/2012; 47(7):14-21.
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ABSTRACT: Case-based reasoning systems for medical application are increasingly multi-purpose systems and also multi-modal, using a variety of different methods and techniques to meet the challenges from the medical domain. In this paper, some of the recent medical case-based reasoning systems are classified according to their functionality and development properties. It shows how a particular multi-purpose and multi-modal case-based reasoning system solves these challenges. For this a medical case-based reasoning system in the domain of psychophysiology is used.Proceedings of the 8th WSEAS international conference on Artificial intelligence, knowledge engineering and data bases; 02/2009
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ABSTRACT: Case based reasoning (CBR), as an important AI technology, has gained popularity for its unique means of problem solving, which solves a new problem by remembering previous similar situations and reusing knowledge from the solutions to these situations. To construct a CBR system, two key issues have to be considered: one is feature selection, through which important features are extracted from the whole experience case and make up a case; the other is case retrieval, through which most appropriate case is retrieved for reuse. In order to further improve the accuracy of CBR system, this paper proposes a new feature selection method called Calculating Differences based on Growing Hierarchical Self Organizing Map clustering (CD-GHSOM) and a new case retrieval method called Growing Hierarchical Self Organizing Map based Case Retrieval (GHSOM-CR). Lots of experiments are implemented to validate the effectiveness of the proposed methods by comparing them with other recent researches.Artificial Intelligence Review · 1.57 Impact Factor