Molecule orientation in self-assembled monolayers determined by infrared-visible sum-frequency generation spectroscopy
ABSTRACT The molecular orientation in self-assembled monolayers of thiophenol (TP) on Ag(1 1 1) and of para-nitroanilino-dodecane-thiol (NAT) on Au was investigated by infrared-visible sum-frequency generation between 500 and 1500 cm−1. Ab initio calculations were performed to determine the interface nonlinear response. The combined experimental and theoretical results reveal that the S–C bond of TP is tilted 37∘ from the Ag(1 1 1) surface normal, with the aromatic ring plane perpendicular to the surface. On Au, the tilt angle of the NAT molecule stabilizes below 60∘ at the end of film growth.