Prevention of gastric stasis by omentum patching after living donor left hepatectomy
Department of Surgery, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki, 852-8501, Japan.Surgery Today (Impact Factor: 1.53). 03/2012; 42(8):816-8. DOI: 10.1007/s00595-012-0168-y
Among 137 living liver donors who underwent partial hepatectomy between August 1997 and November 2010, 58 donated the left lobe of their liver, with or without the caudate lobe. Gastric stasis developed after surgery in 4 (7 %) of these 58 donors (Fig. 1); possibly because of dislocation of the stomach after hepatectomy and adhesion between the stomach and the cut surface of the liver. This complication is specific to left hepatectomy  and although not life-threatening, it is symptomatic and requires endoscopic or surgical intervention. We describe our surgical technic designed to prevent this complication. Fig. 1 Gastric stasis after living donor left hepatectomy. Fluorescent imaging study shows an enlarged stomach with no passage of radiofluorescence through the pylorus.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common complication following left-sided hepatectomy. The goal of this study was to clarify the clinical implications of an omental flap wrapping procedure that includes fixation to the cut surface of the liver to reduce the incidence of DGE after left-sided hepatectomy. Methods: The study included 50 consecutive patients who underwent left-sided hepatectomy between January 2000 and July 2011. Clinicopathologic risk factors for DGE after left-sided hepatectomy were identified using univariate and multivariate models. The incidence of DGE, digestive symptoms, and postoperative complications were compared between two groups: 25 patients treated with the omental flap wrapping and fixation procedure and 25 patients who did not receive such a flap. Results: A univariate analysis revealed that a lack of the omental flap, the lymph node clearance, and use of left hemihepatectomy were associated with postoperative DGE. The multivariate analysis indicated that the lack of the omental flap was the only independent significant factor associated with the DGE (odds ratio, 21.23; p = 0.0002). There was a significant difference in the incidence of DGE between the patients with (4 %) and without an omental flap (36 %). The incidence of gastric distension and the use of prokinetic drugs were also significantly lower in patients with an omental flap than in patients without the flap, and patients with an omental flap resumed a solid diet significantly earlier. Conclusions: This retrospective single-center study revealed that it was possible to reduce the incidence of DGE using a procedure involving omental flap wrapping with fixation to the cut surface of the liver after left-sided hepatectomy.Surgery Today 12/2012; 43(12). DOI:10.1007/s00595-012-0446-8 · 1.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: After left-sided hepatectomy due to a living donor, the stomach can become adhered to the hepatic cut surface. An unwanted gastric stasis can occur. For prevention of such gastric adhesion and laparotomy-associated adhesive ileus, some anti-adhesive agents have been developed for intra-abdominal application. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of an intraperitoneal anti-adhesive agent application compared with a historical control group. The study group consisted of 220 consecutive living donors who donated a left-liver graft during the time period between January 2006 and December 2011. The anti-adhesive agent which was used was composed of sodium hyaluronate and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose. The historical control group which used no anti-adhesive agent included 220 consecutive left-liver donors during the time period between January 1998 and December 2004. An overt gastric stasis which required fasting was observed in 5 subjects (2.3%) in the study group and in 7 subjects (3.2%) in the control group (p=0.77). An additional work-up to determine gastric stasis or prolonged ileus was performed in 17 (7.7%) and 22 (10%) donors, respectively (p=0.51). Only one donor in the control group underwent a laparotomy for an intestinal obstruction. No clinical factors such as patient age, sex, body mass index, remnant right liver proportion, shape of skin incision, and duration of surgery were significant risk factors of gastric stasis or prolonged ileus. No harmful side-effects of the anti-adhesive agent were identified. As a result of this study, the application of an anti-adhesive agent could not be proved as to be effective for prevention of gastric stasis and postoperative ileus. A further randomized and controlled study will be required to demonstrate the real benefits of an anti-adhesive application in left-liver living donors.02/2014; 18(1):26. DOI:10.14701/kjhbps.2014.18.1.26
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ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study is an anatomo-clinical evaluation of the primary cystic mesenterico-epiploic tumors,based on a single-center's 15 year experience. Material and method: We performed a retrospective study of a series of 14 primary cystic mesenterico-epiploic tumors that were operated in the Surgical Department 4 UMPh Targu-Mures, Romania, between 01.01.1997 and 01.01.2012. Data about the clinical complaints, imagistic aspects, associated lesions, surgical approach, hospitalization, pathology, and immediate and late postoperative course were recorded and analysed using the Microsoft Excel software. Results: In all cases we performed a complete and intact surgical excision, using an open approach in 13 cases and laparoscopy in 1 case, with no mortality and no significant surgical-related morbidity; we have encountered a single recurrence at 1.5 years after surgery. We had no preoperative pathological diagnosis; the exact preoperative anatomic location of the tumor was possible only in one case. Pathologic examination showed the following types: inclusion cysts - 4 cases, enteral duplication cysts - 2 cases, simple mesothelialcysts - 6 cases, cystic lymphangioma - 1 case and simple lymphatic cyst - 1 case. We have systematized 3 clinicoimagistic patterns according to the dimension of the tumor,with no relationship to the histologic origin of the tumor. Conclusions: Primary cystic mesenterico-epiploic tumors aredifficult to diagnose preoperatively. Complete excision is usually possible, even for large tumors. These relatively rare tumors must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cystic abdominal masses.Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania: 1990) 09/2014; 109(5):644-648. · 0.78 Impact Factor
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