Roles of one-carbon metabolism in preimplantation period--effects on short-term development and long-term programming--.
ABSTRACT One-carbon metabolism (OCM) can be seen as integrated metabolic pathways centered on the metabolism of two nutritional substances, folate and methionine. Mammalian oocytes and preimplantation embryos express almost all enzymes that participate in OCM, suggesting that they can independently metabolize OCM nutrients. A deficiency or excess of OCM nutrients and their metabolites during in vitro culture affects preimplantation development of mammalian embryos. Recent in vivo studies have demonstrated that specific OCM dietary interventions during the periconceptional (mainly oocyte growth and preimplantation) period can cause epigenetic alterations in DNA of offspring and program the long-term consequences in their health in adulthood. The epigenetic processes are likely to be implicated in the effects of OCM nutrients; however, understanding their effects at the level of specific genes and their implications in assisted reproductive technology will require further investigations.
Article: Methionine metabolism in mammals.The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 05/1990; 1(5):228-37. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The trans-sulfuration pathway is a biochemical mechanism that links methionine metabolism to the biosynthesis of cellular redox-controlling molecules, like cysteine, glutathione, and taurine. While there is some knowledge about the metabolic intermediates and enzymes that participate in trans-sulfuration, little is known about the physiological importance of this mechanism. Deficiencies within the trans-sulfuration pathway induces (i) the generation of reactive species of oxygen (ROS) and halogens (RHS), (ii) homocyst(e)ine accumulation, and (iii) the synthesis of proinflammatory molecules by macrophages, and contribute to humans pathologies like atherosclerosis and tumor development. In this review we outline the role of this biochemical pathway in tumor development and analyze current findings on the role of trans-sulfuration in mammalian physiology. The potential relationship between chronic inflammation, and tumor and atherosclerotic development are discussed.Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 08/2007; 301(1-2):1-12. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In early embryos, methylation is involved in "gamete imprinting" and inactivation of artificially introduced foreign genes. We studied the biosynthesis of the universal methylation cofactor: S-Adenosyl methionine (SAM). In the mouse, SAM conversion from methionine is limited by saturation of the methionine endogenous pool. SAM is present at a practically unchanged level from the unfertilized oocyte to early morula. SAM synthesis is increased at the time of compaction. In blastocysts, although methionine uptake is increased, the conversion rate from methionine is lowered. We observed no differences between C57 Black and Swiss albino random bred strains. In few experiments with human unfertilized oocytes and spared embryos, we observed higher methionine incorporation, and higher conversion to SAM. Next, the effect of two methylation inhibitors was tested, on early mouse embryonic development, at the one-cell and the two-cell stage. We found that ethionine is very toxic, even at the lowest tested concentration of 25 microM. Homocysteine is more potent at the one-cell stage than at the 2-cell stage, and it only partially blocks blastocyst formation from the 2-cell stage even at a concentration of 500 microM. It clearly acts as a methylation inhibitor; it lowers the SAM pool and the methylation index, SAH/SAM ratio (SAH: S-Adenosyl Homocysteine). We also found that homocysteine is an unexpected competitor for methionine influx and efflux.Life Sciences 02/1989; 44(21):1601-9. · 2.56 Impact Factor