MiR-375 is downregulated in epithelial cells after IL-13 stimulation and regulates an IL-13-induced epithelial transcriptome

Division of Allergy and Immunology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
Mucosal Immunology (Impact Factor: 7.54). 03/2012; 5(4):388-96. DOI: 10.1038/mi.2012.16
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Interleukin 13 (IL-13)-induced epithelial gene and protein expression changes are central to the pathogenesis of multiple allergic diseases. Herein, using human esophageal squamous and bronchial columnar epithelial cells, we identified microRNAs (miRNAs) that were differentially regulated after IL-13 stimulation. Among the IL-13-regulated miRNAs, miR-375 showed a conserved pattern of downregulation. Furthermore, miR-375 was downregulated in the lung of IL-13 lung transgenic mice. We subsequently analyzed miR-375 levels in a human disease characterized by IL-13 overproduction--the allergic disorder eosinophilic esophagitis (EE)--and observed downregulation of miR-375 in EE patient samples compared with control patients. MiR-375 expression levels reflected disease activity, normalized with remission, and inversely correlated with the degree of allergic inflammation. Using a lentiviral strategy and whole-transcriptome analysis in epithelial cells, miR-375 overexpression was sufficient to markedly modify IL-13-associated immunoinflammatory pathways in epithelial cells in vitro, further substantiating interactions between miR-375 and IL-13. Taken together, our results support a key role of miRNAs, particularly miR-375, in regulating and fine-tuning IL-13-mediated responses.

1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the current study, expression levels of let-7c, miR-30c, miR-141, and miR-375 in plasma from 59 prostate cancer (PC) patients with different clinicopathological characteristics and two groups of controls: 16 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) samples and 11 young asymptomatic men (YAM) were analyzed to evaluate their diagnostic and prognostic value in comparison to prostate-specific antigen (PSA). miR-375 was significantly downregulated in 83.5% of patients compared to BPH controls and showed stronger diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve [AUC]=0.809, 95% CI: 0.697-0.922, p=0.00016) compared with PSA (AUC=0.710, 95% CI: 0.559-0.861, p=0.013). Expression levels of let-7c showed potential to distinguish PC patients from BPH controls with AUC=0.757, but the result did not reach significance. Better discriminating performance was observed when combinations of studied biomarkers were used. Sensitivity of 86.8% and specificity of 81.8% were reached when all biomarkers were combined (AUC=0.877) and YAM were used as calibrators. None of the studied microRNAs (miRNAs) showed correlation with clinicopathological characteristics. PSA levels were significantly correlated with the Gleason score, tumor stage, and lymph node metastasis with Spearman correlation coefficients: 0.612, 0.576, and 0.458. In conclusion, the combination of the studied circulating plasma miRNAs and serum PSA has the potential to be used as a noninvasive diagnostic biomarker for PC screening outperforming the PSA testing alone.
    DNA and Cell Biology 12/2014; 34(3). DOI:10.1089/dna.2014.2663 · 1.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A validated disease-specific symptom-assessment tool for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has yet to be approved by regulatory authorities for use in clinical trials. Relevant end points for daily practice include EoE-related symptoms and esophageal eosinophilic inflammation. Endoscopic features should also be taken into account when establishing a therapy plan. A reasonable clinical goal is to achieve a reduction in EoE-related symptoms and esophageal eosinophilic inflammation. Evidence is increasing to support an anti-inflammatory maintenance therapy, as this can reduce esophageal remodeling. In EoE patients in clinical remission, annual disease monitoring with symptom, endoscopic, and histologic assessments of sustained treatment response is recommended.
    Gastroenterology clinics of North America 06/2014; 43(2):329-344. DOI:10.1016/j.gtc.2014.02.014 · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an allergic inflammatory disorder of the esophagus that is compounded by genetic predisposition and hypersensitivity to environmental antigens. Using high-density oligonucleotide expression chips, a disease-specific esophageal transcript signature was identified and was shown to be largely reversible with therapy. In an effort to expand the molecular signature of EoE, we performed RNA sequencing on esophageal biopsies from healthy controls and patients with active EoE and identified a total of 1607 significantly dysregulated transcripts (1096 upregulated, 511 downregulated). When clustered by raw expression levels, an abundance of immune cell-specific transcripts are highly induced in EoE but expressed at low (or undetectable) levels in healthy controls. Moreover, 66% of the gene signature identified by RNA sequencing was previously unrecognized in the EoE transcript signature by microarray-based expression profiling and included several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA), an emerging class of transcriptional regulators. The lncRNA BRAF-activated non-protein coding RNA (BANCR) was upregulated in EoE and induced in interleukin-13 (IL-13)-treated primary esophageal epithelial cells. Repression of BANCR significantly altered the expression of IL-13-induced proinflammatory genes. Together, these data comprise new potential biomarkers of EoE and demonstrate a novel role for lncRNAs in EoE and IL-13-associated responses.Genes and Immunity advance online publication, 12 June 2014; doi:10.1038/gene.2014.27.
    Genes and Immunity 06/2014; 15(6). DOI:10.1038/gene.2014.27 · 3.79 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Aug 14, 2014