Article

Pelvic floor symptoms improve similarly after pessary and behavioral treatment for stress incontinence.

Departments of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Urology, Loyola University Chicago, IL, USA.
Journal of Pelvic Medicine and Surgery 03/2012; 18(2):118-21. DOI: 10.1097/SPV.0b013e31824a021d
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine if differences exist in pelvic symptom distress and impact on women randomized to pessary versus behavioral therapy for treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI).
Change in symptom and condition-specific health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) measures were compared between pessary and behavioral groups 3 months after randomization in the Ambulatory Treatments for Leakage Associated With Stress Incontinence trial. Four hundred forty-six women with symptoms of SUI were randomized to continence pessary, behavioral therapy (pelvic floor muscle training and continence strategies) or combination therapy. Validated measures utilized included urinary, prolapse, and colorectal scales of the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory; urinary, prolapse, and colorectal scales of the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire; and Stress and Urge scales of the Questionnaire for Urinary Incontinence Diagnosis. Student t test and analysis of variance were used to compare scores within and between groups.
Mean age of participants was 49.8 (SD, 11.9) years; 84% were white, and 10% were African American. One hundred forty-nine were randomized to pessary, and 146 to behavioral therapy. Baseline symptoms and HRQOL scores were significantly reduced within treatment arms at 3 months after randomization, but there was no statistically significant difference between groups.
There was no difference in pelvic floor symptom bother and HRQOL between the pessary and behavioral therapy arms in women undergoing conservative treatment for SUI. Individualized preference issues should be considered in the approach to the nonsurgical treatment of SUI.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To determine the muscles comprising the minimal levator hiatus. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, USA. POPULATION: Eight female fresh frozen pelves and 80 nulliparouswomen. METHODS: Three-dimensional endovaginal ultrasound was performed in eight fresh frozen female pelves. The structures of the levator hiatus were tagged with needles and the cadavers were dissected to identify the tagged structures. A group of 80 nullipara underwent 3D endovaginal ultrasound, and the minimal levator hiatus area, puborectalis area, and anorectal angle were assessed, and normal values were obtained. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anatomic borders of minimal levator hiatus and normality in pelvic floor measurements. RESULTS: The pubococcygeus forms the inner lateral border and anterior attachment of the minimal levator hiatus to the pubic bone. The puboanalis fibres are immediately lateral to pubococcygeus attachments. There are variable contributions of the puborectalis fibres lateral to the puboanalis attachment. The posterior border of the minimal levator hiatus is formed by the levator plate. Eighty community-dwelling nulliparous women underwent 3D endovaginal ultrasound. The median age was 47 years (range 22-70 years). The mean of minimal levator hiatus and puborectalis hiatus areas were 13.4 cm(2) (±1.89 cm(2) SD) and 14.8 cm(2) (±2.16 cm(2) SD). The mean anorectal and levator plate descent angles were 156° (±10.04° SD) and 15.9° (±8.28° SD). CONCLUSION: Anterior and lateral borders of the minimal levator hiatus are formed mostly by pubococcygeus. The puborectalis, pubococcygeus, and iliococcygeus form the bulk of the levator plate.
    BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 11/2012; · 3.76 Impact Factor

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May 17, 2014