[A case of successful treatment of brain and lung cryptococcosis caused by Cryptococcus gattii].
ABSTRACT We report the case of a 34-year-old woman with cerebral and pulmonary cryptococcosis. After surgery for uterine cervical cancer, chest CT scan indicated a solitary tumor. Cryptococcosis was detected by transbronchial lung biopsy, and brain MRI showed multiple tumors. We diagnosed the patient with cerebral and pulmonary cryptococcosis. Oral and intravenous antifungal treatments were not effective, and a disturbance of consciousness appeared. We began intraventricular antifungal treatment, and the symptoms improved, with a reduction in the size of multiple lesions. However, the size of the brain lesions increased, and we diagnosed late deterioration of cryptococcosis and corticosteroid response. Because of the refractory clinical course, we examined the Cryptococcus strains from the surgical resected pulmonary lesion and identified Cryptococcus gattii(VG I type). C. gattii occurs predominantly in apparently healthy hosts. An intracranial C. gattii infection is associated with neurological complications and delayed therapeutic response. If cerebral cryptococcosis responds slowly and relatively poorly to antifungal therapy, C. gattii should be considered. Aggressive therapy, including intraventricular therapy and corticosteroids therapy for cryptococcoma, is required.