MR and CT arthrography of the knee.
ABSTRACT MR and CT arthrography are important imaging modalities for the assessment of the knee in certain situations. Indications for MR arthrography of the knee include assessment of the postoperative meniscus, the presence of chondral and osteochondral lesions, and the presence of intra-articular bodies. The major indication for CT arthrography is evaluating suspected internal derangement in patients who are unable to undergo MRI. In addition to reviewing the established clinical indications for MR and CT arthrography of the knee, the commonly used techniques, normal variants that can simulate disease, and the most commonly found pathologies that can be diagnosed with these modalities are discussed. Potential indications that are not currently well established in the literature including the evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament injury and autologous chondrocyte implants are examined. Where appropriate, the literature on controversial topics or diagnoses is reviewed. The use of conventional imaging versus CT and MR arthrography is also compared.