Association of alcohol consumption with the impaired β-cell function independent of body mass index among Chinese men.
ABSTRACT Alcohol consumption is associated with type 2 diabetes. However, the relationship between alcohol consumption and β-cell function is still unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between them. 675 Chinese men aged 20-75 years were recruited. The subjects were first classified into never drinkers, abstainers, light drinkers (0.1-19.9 g/day) , moderate drinkers (20.0-39.9 g/day) and heavy drinkers (≥ 40.0 g/day) and then, were further divided into two subgroups according to body mass index (BMI) (BMI<25kg/m(2) and BMI ≥ 25kg/m(2)). Analysis procedure was adjusted by the confounders including age, smoking status, BMI, waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, lipids and blood uric acid. Compared with never drinkers, alcohol consumption was associated with decreased homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β) independent of BMI. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was significantly correlated with alcohol consumption history in the group of BMI<25kg/m(2) and was significantly correlated with alcohol consumption in the group of BMI ≥ 25kg/m(2). The results suggest that alcohol consumption is associated with the β-cell dysfunction independent of BMI in Chinese community dwelling men.
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ABSTRACT: Influences of alcohol use on glucose metabolism may depend on alcohol flushing response. We investigated the effect of alcohol flushing response on the associations between alcohol consumption and markers of glucose metabolism in Japanese men and women. The subjects were 979 employees (885 men and 94 women), aged 18 to 69 years, of a manufacturing company in Japan. Flushing response and alcohol consumption were determined using a self-administered questionnaire. Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and homeostasis model assessment for β-cell function (HOMA-β) were computed using fasting plasma glucose and insulin. For each group of flushers and nonflushers, multiple regression analysis was used to estimate means of fasting plasma glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and HOMAs for each category of alcohol consumption, with adjustments for potential confounders. In flushers, alcohol consumption was associated with HbA1c levels in a U-shaped manner, with the lowest HbA1c levels being observed at an alcohol consumption level of 23.0 to <34.5 g ethanol/d (p for quadratic trend = 0.002). In nonflushers, alcohol consumption was linearly and inversely associated with HbA1c levels (p for linear trend = 0.001). Decreases in HbA1c were more evident among flushers compared with nonflushers at moderate alcohol consumption levels (p for interaction = 0.049). An increase of fasting glucose associated with highest alcohol consumption was observed in both flushers and nonflushers. A statistically significant decrease in HOMA-IR with increasing alcohol consumption was observed in flushers (p for trend = 0.007), whereas HOMA-IR levels slightly decreased at higher alcohol consumption in nonflushers. HOMA-β similarly decreased with increasing alcohol consumption in both flushers and nonflushers (both p for trend < 0.001). The results suggest that the alcohol flushing response may improve glucose metabolism and insulin resistance at moderate alcohol use levels in apparently healthy Japanese adults.Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 01/2014; · 3.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a multifactorial disease, and its aetiology involves a complex interplay between genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. In recent years, evidences from both human and animal experiments have correlated early life factors with programming diabetes risk in adult life. Fetal and neonatal period is crucial for organ development. Many maternal factors during pregnancy may increase the risk of diabetes of offsprings in later life, which include malnutrition, healthy (hyperglycemia and obesity), behavior (smoking, drinking, and junk food diet), hormone administration, and even stress. In neonates, catch-up growth, lactation, glucocorticoids administration, and stress have all been found to increase the risk of insulin resistance or T2DM. Unfavorable environments (socioeconomic situation and famine) or obesity also has long-term negative effects on children by causing increased susceptibility to T2DM in adults. We also address the potential mechanisms that may underlie the developmental programming of T2DM. Therefore, it might be possible to prevent or delay the risk for T2DM by improving pre- and/or postnatal factors.Journal of Diabetes Research 01/2013; 2013:485082. · 3.54 Impact Factor