Systematic identification of common functional modules related to heart failure with different etiologies.
ABSTRACT The development of heart failure (HF) is a complex process that can be initiated by multiple etiologies. Identifying common functional modules associated with HF is a challenging task. Here, we developed a systems method to identify these common functional modules by integrating multiple expression profiles, protein interactions from four species, gene function annotations, and text information. We identified 1439 consistently differentially expressed genes (CDEGs) across HF with different etiologies by applying three meta-analysis methods to multiple HF-related expression profiles. Using a weighted human interaction network constructed by combining interaction data from multiple species, we extracted 60 candidate CDEG modules. We further evaluated the functional relevance of each module by using expression, interaction network, functional annotations, and text information together. Finally, five functional modules with significant biological relevance were identified. We found that almost half of the genes in these modules are hubs in the weighted network, and that these modules can accurately classify HF patients from healthy subjects. We also identified many significantly enriched biological processes that contribute to the pathophysiology of HF, including two new ones, RNA splicing and vesicle-mediated protein transport. In summary, we proposed a novel framework to analyze common functional modules related to HF with different etiologies. Our findings provide important insights into the complex mechanism of HF. Further biological experimentations should be required to validate these novel biological processes.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Accumulating evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) can function as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes by controlling few key targets, which in turn contribute to the pathogenesis of cancer. The identification of cancer-related key miRNA-target interactions remains a challenge. We performed a systematic analysis of known cancer-related key interactions manually curated from published papers based on different aspects including sequence, expression and function. Known cancer-related key interactions show more miRNA binding sites (especially for 8mer binding sites), more reliable binding of miRNA to the target region, higher expression associations and broader functional coverage when compared to non-disease-related interactions. Through integrating these sequence, expression and function features, we proposed a bioinformatics approach termed PCmtI to prioritize cancer-related key interactions. Ten-fold cross-validation of our approach revealed that it can achieve an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 93.9%. Subsequent leave-one-miRNA-out cross-validation also demonstrated the performance of our approach. Using miR-155 as a case, we found that the top ranked interactions can account for most functions of miR-155. In addition, we further demonstrated the power of our approach by 23 recently identified cancer-related key interactions. The approach described here offers a new way for the discovery of novel cancer-related key miRNA-target interactions.Nucleic Acids Research 06/2012; 40(16):7653-65. · 8.28 Impact Factor