Low copy expression vectors for use in Yersinia sp and related organisms

Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, United States.
Plasmid (Impact Factor: 1.76). 03/2012; 68(1):33-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.plasmid.2012.02.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In Yersinia, the most commonly used expression vectors for genetic studies such as gene complementation do not effectively allow for both induction and repression of gene expression. Additionally, there is no expression system available that can be induced in bacteria growing in vitro as well as in vivo, e.g. in eukaryotic cell lines or in living animal models. Here, we present a series of novel inducible low copy expression vectors that are well suited for use in the Yersinia species. Their tet operator/promoter/repressor system makes them distinct from other vectors, and gene transcription in bacteria can easily be induced by addition of anhydrotetracyline (ATc) either to the growth medium, to tissue culture medium during bacterial infections of cell lines or by injection into animals infected with bacteria. Researchers can choose between two different antibiotic resistances (kanamycin or spectinomycin), between two copy numbers (5 or 12-22) as well as between two different versions for expression from either the native RBS and ATG or RBS and ATG encoded in the plasmid. The whole vector series contains the same multi-cloning site from pBluescript II KS+ that allows for easy subcloning. Moreover, these vectors are built in a modular fashion that makes it simple to adapt them for other purposes. Finally, in addition to their use in Yersinia they are suitable for use in many other Enterobacteriaceae.

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