Use and outcomes of emergent laparoscopic resection for acute diverticulitis
ABSTRACT The use and outcomes of laparoscopic sigmoid resection during emergency admissions for diverticulitis are unknown.
The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried for colorectal resections performed for diverticulitis during emergent hospital admissions (2003-2007). Univariate and multivariate analyses including patient, hospital, and outcome variables were performed.
A national estimate of 67,645 resections (4% laparoscopic) was evaluated. The rate of conversion to open operation was 55%. Ostomies were created in 66% of patients, 67% open and 41% laparoscopic. Laparoscopy was not a predictor of mortality (odds ratio [OR] =.70; confidence interval [CI], .32-1.53). Laparoscopy predicted routine discharge (OR = 1.31; CI, 1.06-1.63) and a decreased length of stay (absolute days = -.78; CI, -1.19 to -.37). There was no difference in the cost of hospitalization between the 2 groups (P = .45).
In acute diverticulitis, urgent laparoscopic resection decreases the length of stay. However, it is associated with a high conversion rate, no cost savings, and no difference in mortality.
SourceAvailable from: Winfried Häuser
Article: Z Gastroenterol. 2014 Jul;52(7):663-710. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1366692. Epub 2014 Jul 15. [S2k guidelines diverticular disease/diverticulitis]. [Article in German] Leifeld L, Germer CT, Böhm S, Dumoulin FL, Häuser W, Kreis M, Labenz J, Lembcke B, Post S, Reinshagen M, Ritz JP, Sauerbruch T, Wedel T, von Rahden B, Kruis W.Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 07/2014; 52(7):663. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1366692 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic surgery has become well established in the management of both and malignant colorectal disease. The last decade has seen increasing numbers of surgeons trained to a high standard in minimally-invasive surgery. However there has not been the same enthusiasm for the use of laparoscopy in emergency colorectal surgery. There is a perception that emergent surgery is technically more difficult and may lead to worse outcomes. The present review aims to provide a comprehensive and critical appraisal of the available literature on the use of laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCS) in the emergency setting. The literature is broadly divided by the underlying pathology; that is, inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis and malignant obstruction. There were no randomized trials and the majority of the studies were case-matched series or comparative studies. The overall trend was that LCS is associated with shorter hospital stay, par or fewer complications but an increased operating time.Emergency LCS can be safely undertaken for both benign and malignant disease providing there is appropriate patient selection, the surgeon is adequately experienced and there are sufficient resources to allow for a potentially more complex operation.
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ABSTRACT: The statements produced by the Consensus Conference on Diverticular Disease promoted by GRIMAD (Gruppo Italiano Malattia Diverticolare, Italian Group on Diverticular Diseases) are reported. Topics such as epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of diverticular disease (DD) in patients with uncomplicated and complicated DD were reviewed by a scientific board of experts who proposed 55 statements graded according to level of evidence and strength of recommendation, and approved by an independent jury. Each topic was explored focusing on the more relevant clinical questions. Comparison and discussion of expert opinions, pertinent statements and replies to specific questions, were presented and approved based on a systematic literature search of the available evidence. Comments were added explaining the basis for grading the evidence, particularly for controversial areas.08/2014; 1383(5):21-1. DOI:10.1177/2050640614547068