Morphology-controlled synthesis of W18O49 nanostructures and their near-infrared absorption properties.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai, 980-8577 Japan.
Inorganic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.59). 03/2012; 51(8):4763-71. DOI: 10.1021/ic300049j
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The morphology-controlled synthesis and near-infrared (NIR) absorption properties of W(18)O(49) were systematically investigated for the application of innovative energy-saving windows. Various morphologies of W(18)O(49), such as nanorods, nanofibers, nanograins, nanoassembles, nanoplates, and nanoparticles, with various sizes were successfully synthesized by solvothermal reactions using organic alcohols as reaction media and WCl(6), W(EtO)(6), and WO(3) solids as the tungsten source. W(18)O(49) nanorods of less than 50 nm in length showed the best optical performance as an effective solar filter, which realized high transmittance in the visible region as well as excellent shielding properties of NIR light. Meanwhile, the W(18)O(49) nanorods also exhibited strong absorption of NIR light and instantaneous conversion of the absorbed photoenergy to the local heat.

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