Hyper-Immunoglobulin M Syndrome Type 3 with Normal CD40 Cell Surface Expression

Ege University, The Medical School, Dept of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Immunology, Izmir, Turkey.
Scandinavian Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 03/2012; 76(1):21-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3083.2012.02697.x
Source: PubMed


Mutations of the CD40 gene have been found in patients with autosomal recessive hyper-immunoglobulin M (HIGM) syndrome type 3. Five patients from four unrelated families with CD40 mutation have been reported so far. Clinical manifestations include recurrent sinopulmonary infections, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and Cryptosporidium parvum infection. Affected patients typically have very low levels of IgG and IgA and normal or high levels of IgM. Flow cytometry analysis of these five patients demonstrated that peripheral blood B lymphocytes lacked expression of surface CD40. Herein, we present two siblings from second-degree consanguineous Turkish parents with homozygous CD40 deletion of four nucleotides including the stop codon resulting presumably to a longer protein. Clinical and immunological profile of these patients is similar to the already reported HIGM3 patients except normal CD40 expression on B lymphocytes. This observation emphasizes the requirement of CD40 mutation analysis for definite diagnosis of HIGM3 despite normal flow cytometric expression of CD40, particularly if the immunological and clinical profile is suggestive for HIGM3.


Available from: Guzide Aksu, Oct 13, 2014