Article

Ongoing clinical trials in AKI.

Division of Nephrology, University of Colorado and Denver Veterans Administration Medical Center, Denver, Colorado, USA.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (Impact Factor: 5.07). 03/2012; 7(5):861-73. DOI: 10.2215/CJN.12191111
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT AKI is an important public health issue. AKI is a common hospital complication associated with increased in-hospital and long-term mortality, extensive morbidity (including prolonged hospital length of stay), and an estimated annual cost of at least $10 billion in the United States. At present, no specific therapy has been developed to prevent AKI, hasten recovery of kidney function, or abrogate the deleterious systemic effects of AKI. However, recent progress includes establishing a consensus definition of AKI and discovery of novel biomarkers that may allow early detection of AKI. Furthermore, significant insights into the pathophysiology of AKI and its deleterious systemic effects have been gleaned from animal studies. Urgently needed are large, definitive randomized clinical trials testing interventions to prevent and/or treat AKI. This review summarizes and analyzes current ongoing clinical trials registered with clinicaltrials.gov that address prevention or management of AKI. The purpose of this review is to provide a resource for people interested in potential prophylactic and therapeutic approaches to patient care and investigators hoping to plan and execute the next round of randomized clinical trials. Finally, this review discusses research needs that are not addressed by the current clinical trials portfolio and suggests key areas for future research in AKI.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
161 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adjudication of patient outcomes is a common practice in medical research and clinical trials. However minimal data exists on the adjudication process in the setting of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) as well as the ability to judge different etiologies (e.g. Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN), Pre-renal Azotemia (PRA)).
    BMC Nephrology 07/2014; 15(1):105. DOI:10.1186/1471-2369-15-105 · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The context of a diagnostic test is a critical component for the interpretation of its result. This context defines the pretest probability of the diagnosis and forms the basis for the interpretation and value of adding the diagnostic test. In the field of acute kidney injury, a multitude of early diagnostic biomarkers have been developed, but utilization in the appropriate context is less well understood and has not been codified until recently. In order to better operationalize the context and pretest probability assessment for acute kidney injury diagnosis, the renal angina concept was proposed in 2010 for use in both children and adults. Renal angina has been assessed in approximately 1,000 subjects. However, renal angina as a concept is still unfamiliar to most clinicians and the rationale for introducing the term is not obvious. We therefore review the concept and development of renal angina, and the currently available data validating it. We discuss the various arguments for and against this construct. Future research testing the performance of renal angina with acute kidney injury biomarkers is warranted.
    Critical care (London, England) 12/2015; 19(1):779. DOI:10.1186/s13054-015-0779-y · 5.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) have increased mortality; data suggest that the duration, not just severity, of AKI predicts increased mortality. Animal models suggest that AKI is a multisystem disease that deleteriously affects the lungs, heart, brain, intestine, and liver; notably, these effects have only been examined within 48 h, and longer term effects are unknown. In this study, we examined the longer term systemic effects of AKI, with a focus on lung injury. Mice were studied 7 days after an episode of ischemic AKI (22 min of renal pedicle clamping and then reperfusion) and numerous derangements were present including (1) lung inflammation; (2) increased serum proinflammatory cytokines; (3) liver injury; and (4) increased muscle catabolism. Since fluid overload may cause respiratory complications post-AKI and fluid management is a critical component of post-AKI care, we investigated various fluid administration strategies in the development of lung inflammation post-AKI. Four different fluid strategies were tested – 100, 500, 1000, or 2000 μL of saline administered subcutaneously daily for 7 days. Interestingly, at 7 days post-AKI, the 1000 and 2000 μL fluid groups had less severe AKI and less severe lung inflammation versus the 100 and 500 μL groups. In summary, our data demonstrate that appropriate fluid management after an episode of ischemic AKI led to both (1) faster recovery of kidney function and (2) significantly reduced lung inflammation, consistent with the notion that interventions to shorten AKI duration have the potential to reduce complications and improve patient outcomes.
    07/2014; 2(7). DOI:10.14814/phy2.12084

Preview

Download
2 Downloads