[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The treatment landscape for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is undergoing significant changes with the advent of new therapies and multidisciplinary efforts by scientists and clinicians. As activation of multiple molecular pathways in the neoplastic prostate makes it impossible for single-target drugs to be completely effective in treating CRPC, this has led to combination therapy strategy, where several molecules involved in tumor growth and disease progression are targeted by a therapeutic regimen. In the present review, we provide an update on the molecular pathways that play an important role in the pathogenesis of CRPC and discuss the current wave of new treatments to combat this lethal disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article focuses on anticancer, and other biological activities of acetylenic metabolites obtained from plants and fungi. Acetylenic compounds belong to a class of molecules containing triple bond(s). Naturally occurring acetylenics are of particular interest since many of them display important biological activities and possess antitumor, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifungal, and immunosuppressive properties. There are of great interest for medicine, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, and pharmaceutical industries. This review presents structures and describes cytotoxic activities of more than 100 acetylenic metabolites, including fatty alcohols, ketones, and acids, acetylenic cyclohexanoids, spiroketal enol ethers, and carotenoids isolated from fungi and plants.
Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 07/2013; 20(13). DOI:10.1016/j.phymed.2013.06.009 · 3.13 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) agonist, BRL52537, has a neuroprotective effect against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats and further explore the underlying mechanisms. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into sham (group A), I/R (group B), BRL52537 (KOR agonist) + I/R (group C), nor-BNI (nor-binaltorphimine, KOR antagonist) + I/R (group D), AG490 (STAT3 phosphorylation inhibitor) + I/R (group E), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, vehicle of AG490) + I/R (group F), and BRL52537 + AG490 +I/R (group G) groups. Cerebral I/R injury was induced by 10 min exposure to global ischemia (4-VO). Histopathological changes and neuronal apoptosis were evaluated with H&E staining and the TUNEL assay, respectively. Expression levels of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), phosphorylated STAT3 and caspase-3 were determined with western blot analysis. Our results showed that BRL52537 protects against I/R injury-induced brain damage and inhibits neuronal apoptosis to a significant extent. Additionally, BRL52537 promoted up-regulation of p-STAT3 and a marked decrease in caspase-3 expression. Based on the collective findings, we propose that the KOR agonist, BRL52537, protects against cerebral I/R injury via a mechanism involving STAT3 signaling.
Neurochemical Research 08/2013; 38(11). DOI:10.1007/s11064-013-1139-4 · 2.59 Impact Factor
Shanmei Xu, Minxiao Chen, Wenbo Chen, Junguo Hui, Jiansong Ji, Shuping Hu, Jianmin Zhou, Yi Wang, Guang Liang
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