Article

Linking the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care and the Quality of Life Outcomes in Neurological Disorders

Health and Disability Research Institute, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA.
Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation (Impact Factor: 2.44). 10/2011; 92(10 Suppl):S37-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.01.026
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To use item response theory (IRT) methods to link physical functioning items in the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care (AM-PAC) and the Quality of Life Outcomes in Neurological Disorders (Neuro-QOL).
Secondary data analysis of the physical functioning items of AM-PAC and Neuro-QOL. We used a nonequivalent group design with 36 core items common to both instruments and a test characteristic curve transformation method for linking AM-PAC and Neuro-QOL scores. Linking was conducted so that both raw and scaled AM-PAC and Neuro-QOL scores (mean ± SD converted-logit scores, 50 ± 10) could be compared.
AM-PAC items were administered to rehabilitation patients in post-acute care (PAC) settings. Neuro-QOL items were administered to a community sample of adults through the Internet.
PAC patients (N=1041) for the AM-PAC sample and community-dwelling adults (N=549) for the Neuro-QOL sample.
Not applicable.
Mobility (N=25) and activity of daily living (ADL) items (N=11) common to both instruments were included in analysis.
Neuro-QOL items were linked to the AM-PAC scale by using the generalized partial credit model. Mobility and ADL subscale scores from the 2 instruments were calibrated to the AM-PAC metric.
An IRT-based linking method placed AM-PAC and Neuro-QOL mobility and ADL scores on a common metric. This linking allowed estimation of AM-PAC mobility and ADL subscale scores based on Neuro-QOL mobility and ADL subscale scores and vice versa. The accuracy of these results should be validated in a future sample in which participants respond to both instruments.

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