Article

Anti-IL-20 monoclonal antibody suppresses breast cancer progression and bone osteolysis in murine models.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70428, Taiwan.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 02/2012; 188(4):1981-91. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1102843
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT IL-20 is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, and stroke. However, little is known about its role in breast cancer. We explored the function of IL-20 in tumor growth and metastasis, as well as in clinical outcome. Tumor expression of IL-20 was assessed by immunohistochemical staining among 198 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast, using available clinical and survival data. IL-20 expression was associated with advanced tumor stage, greater tumor metastasis, and worse survival. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that clinical breast tumor tissue expressed higher levels of IL-20 and its receptors than did nontumorous breast tissue. IL-20 was also highly expressed in breast cancer bone-metastasis tissue. In vitro, IL-20 upregulated matrix metalloproteinase-9, matrix metalloproteinase-12, cathepsin K, and cathepsin G, and enhanced proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells, which were inhibited by anti-IL-20 mAb 7E. In vivo, we generated murine models to evaluate the therapeutic potential of 7E, using luminescence intensity, radiological scans, and micro-computed tomography. 7E reduced tumor growth, suppressed bone colonization, diminished tumor-mediated osteolysis, and lessened bone density decrement in mice injected with breast cancer cells. In conclusion, our results suggest that IL-20 plays pivotal roles in the tumor progression of breast cancer. IL-20 expression in breast cancer tissue is associated with a poor clinical outcome. Anti-IL-20 mAb 7E suppressed bone colonization and decreased osteolytic bone lesions. Therefore, IL-20 may be a novel target in treating breast tumor-induced osteolysis.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Chien-Feng Li, Aug 11, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
168 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of inflammatory cytokine interleukin-20 (IL-20) has not yet been studied in cancer biology. Here, we demonstrated up-regulation of both IL-20 and IL-20R1 in muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients. The expressions of IL-20 and IL-20R1 were observed in bladder cancer 5637 and T-24 cells. We found that IL-20 significantly increased the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 via binding activity of NF-κB and AP-1 in bladder cancer cells and stimulated the activation of ERK1/2, JNK, p38MAPK, and Jak-Stat signaling. Among the pathways examined, only ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 significantly inhibited IL-20-induced migration and invasion. Moreover, siRNA knockdown of IL-20R1 suppressed migration, invasion, ERK1/2 activation, and NF-κB-mediated MMP-9 expression induced by IL-20. Unexpectedly, cell cycle inhibitor p21WAF1 was induced by IL-20 treatment without altering cell cycle progression. Blockade of p21WAF1 function by siRNA reversed migration, invasion, activation of ERK signaling, MMP-9 expression, and activation of NF-κB in IL-20-treated cells. In addition, IL-20 induced the activation of IKK, the degradation and phosphorylation of IκBa, and NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation, which was regulated by ERK1/2. IL-20 stimulated the recruitment of p65 to the MMP-9 promoter region. Finally, the IL-20-induced migration and invasion of cells was confirmed by IL-20 gene transfection and by addition of anti-IL-20 antibody. This is the first report that p21WAF1 is involved in ERK1/2-mediated MMP-9 expression via increased binding activity of NF-κB, which resulted in the induction of migration in IL-20/IL-20R1 dyad-induced bladder cancer cells. These unexpected results might provide a critical new target for the treatment of bladder cancer.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/2012; 288(8). DOI:10.1074/jbc.M112.410233 · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: To determine whether interleukin-20 receptors (IL-20R) are expressed in trabecular meshwork cells and the effect of a T104M mutation in IL-20R2 on downstream cellular functions. Methods: Evaluation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 phosphorylation and generic matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) dermal fibroblasts (pHDF) with the T104M IL-20R2 mutation were compared with normal human dermal fibroblasts (HDF). Expression of IL-20R1 and IL-20R2 in human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells was determined by immunohistochemistry and western immunoblotting. Results: A T104M mutation in IL20-R2 was identified in a large POAG family in which the GLC1C locus was originally mapped. pHDFs harboring this mutation had significantly increased phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) activity compared with normal HDFs. However, stimulation with either IL-19 or IL-20 for 15 min resulted in significantly decreased levels of pSTAT3 in pHDFs compared with controls. Generic MMP activity was significantly decreased in pHDFs compared with controls after stimulation with IL-20 for 24 h. Both IL-20R1 and IL-20R2 receptors were expressed in HTM cells by western immunoblot and immunofluorescence, and they appeared to be up-regulated in response to cytokine treatment. Conclusions: A T104M mutation in IL-20R2 significantly impacts the function of this receptor as shown by decreased pSTAT3 levels and generic MMP activity. Reduced MMP activity may affect the ability of glaucoma patients to alter outflow resistance in response to elevated intraocular pressure.
    Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics: the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 01/2014; DOI:10.1089/jop.2013.0187 · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-20, a member of the IL-10 family of cytokines, was discovered in 2001. IL-20 acts on multiple cell types by activating on a heterodimer receptor complex of either IL-20R1-IL-20R2 or IL-22R1-IL-20R2. Recent evidence indicates that IL-20's interaction with its receptors might have proinflammatory effects on chronic inflammatory diseases, particularly rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoporosis, and breast cancer. Updated information about IL-20, such as its identification, expression, receptors, signaling, and biological activities, is illustrated in this review based on our research and the data available in the literature. IL-20 is a pleiotropic cytokine, which promotes inflammation, angiogenesis, and chemotaxis. IL-20 also regulates osteoclast differentiation by altering the receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) and RANK ligand (RANKL) axis. Inflammation, angiogenesis, and osteoclastogenesis are critical for the pathogenesis of RA, osteoporosis, and breast cancer-induced osteolysis. Based on the in vitro and in vivo data and clinical samples, we demonstrated that IL-20 plays pivotal roles in these three diseases. In experimental models, anti-IL-20 monoclonal antibody ameliorates arthritis severity, protects against ovariectomized-induced bone loss, and inhibits breast tumor-induced osteolysis. This review presents the clinical implications of IL-20, which will lead to a better understanding of the biological functions of IL-20 in these diseases and provide new therapeutic options in the future.
    Cell Transplantation 04/2014; 23(4):631-9. DOI:10.3727/096368914X678319 · 3.57 Impact Factor
Show more