The Therapeutic Benefits of Essential Oils

In book: Nutrition, Well-Being and Health
Source: InTech
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Available from: Abdelouaheb Djilani, Oct 10, 2015
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    • "Reports in the pertinent literature suggest that, many researchers all over the world are trying to explore the biological properties of around 3000 essential oils extracted from atleast 2000 plant species for antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant and antimutagenic properties (Bakkali et al., 2008; Djilani and Dicko, 2012; Jayant Shankar and Sankunny Mohan, 2014). Plants that produce essential oil are distributed among 60 families. "
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    ABSTRACT: Plant essential oils are mixture of bioactive compounds that are useful to humankind as therapeutics and preservatives. Present report describes the determination of chemical composition of Anisomeles indica Kuntze leaf essential oil and exploration of its biological properties. Farnesyl acetone, nootkatone and jasmatone were the major components of 17 constituents identified in leaf essential oil of A. indica by GC–MS analysis. Essential oil was evaluated for its antioxidant, fungitoxic, anti-aflatoxigenic and cytotoxic properties. Essential oil exhibited strong antioxidant potential, with IC 50 value 9.86 L/mL. Fungitoxicity and anti-aflatoxigenic activity evaluated against Aspergillus flavus isolated from cereals and pulses, with minimum inhibitory concentration determined as 0.66 L/mL. Essential oil inhibited AFB 1 production completely at 0.6 L/mL in G 1 strain and partially in G 2 strains of A. flavus. Cytotoxicity was examined in four human cancer cell lines HEK-293, HepG2, A549, K562 by MTT assay. Essential oil inhibited proliferation of all four cell lines with significantly stronger cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells. Results confirmed the functional characters of A. inidica leaf essential oil with special merits possessing antioxidant, fungitoxic, aflatoxin suppression and cytotoxicity. The potential of A. indica leaf essential oil as a cheaper source of active ingredients for food and pharmaceutical industry was demonstrated.
    Industrial Crops and Products 12/2015; 77:89-96. DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.08.041 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since synthetic antimicrobial agents and food additives can cause a number of adverse effects, there is a growing interest from consumers in ingredients from natural sources. Medicinal plants, such as Myrtus communis L. are a source of new compounds which can be used in both the food industry and for medical purposes, primarily as antimicrobial agents. In this review, the characteristics of myrtle essential oils and extracts are summarized, with particular attention to their chemical composition, biological activities and potential applications.
    Microbiological Research 10/2013; 169(4). DOI:10.1016/j.micres.2013.10.003 · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays, there has been a universal propensity to application of natural phytochemicals accessible in diverse intrinsic rich sources such as fruits, leaves, branches as well as roots of different plants because of existence of substituents with bioactive potentials, well-being advantages and functional ingredients. The preservative consequence of many herbs and spices are proposing the existence of compositions with varied remedial specifications in their structures. Plants are classified by geographical status and inharmonious territory that created further than several thousands herbages with various advantages. The various superiority of herbaceous infusions, such as antidiabetic, anti-carcinogenic, antimicrobial and antioxidant are appeared in diverse functions. Phenolic as well as secondary metabolite components have been reported as the major components having health superiority, and follow this, superb relationship between those advantages and various measured antioxidant values, such as reducing power, scavenging and inhibition capability of free radicals, and metal gelation activity are observed. Hence, the current review intends to debate the effectual fragments of medicinal plants with vulnerary potentials and explains their mechanism of functions.
    Industrial Crops and Products 10/2014; 65:247-258. DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.10.057 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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