Familial Catecholamine-Secreting Tumors - Three Distinct Families with Hereditary Pheochromocytoma

In book: Pheochromocytoma - A New View of the Old Problem
Source: InTech
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    ABSTRACT: von Hippel-Lindau (vHL) disease is an inherited, autosomal dominant syndrome manifested by a variety of benign and malignant tumors. More than 300 germline VHL mutations have been identified that are involved in VHL disease. A large family (four generations) was evaluated. In this paper we report the presence of a single nucleotide mutation in exon 3 of VHL gene c499 C>T causing substitution of Arginine by Tryptophan at position 167 (R 167 W). It was detected in a family with bilateral malignant pheochromocytoma who has been followed for at least 9 years as RET negative isolated familial pheochromocytoma, finally diagnosed as von Hipple-Lindau disease according to retinal angioma and VHL gene mutation. VHL type 2 presenting with both pheochromocytoma and retinal angioma in this family found to be associated with the new missense mutation (c499 C>T) of VHL gene.
    Familial Cancer 09/2009; 8(4):465-71. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) was first described in 1882 and is characterized by a diverse spectrum of clinical manifestations, including neurofibromas, café au lait spots, and Lisch nodules. NF1 is also noted for the higher risk of associated malignancies, making it the most common tumour-predisposing disease in humans. Transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner, the NF1 gene was cloned in 1990, and belongs to the family of tumour suppressor genes. Since then, there has been an explosion in our understanding of how the gene product, neurofibromin, functions in normal cellular physiology, and how its loss in NF1 relates to the wide spectrum of clinical findings, including NF1-associated tumours. Neurofibromin is a major negative regulator of a key signal transduction pathway in cells, the Ras pathway, which transmits mitogenic signals to the nucleus. Loss of neurofibromin leads to increased levels of activated Ras (bound to GTP), and thus increased downstream mitogenic signaling. Our understanding of neurofibromin's role within cells has allowed for the development of pharmacological therapies which target the specific molecular abnormalities in NF1 tumours. These include the farnesyl transferase inhibitors, which inhibit the post-translational modification of Ras, and other agents which modulate Ras-mediated signaling pathways.
    The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques 09/1998; 25(3):181-91. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is an autosomal dominant disorder. The 3 recognized subtypes include MEN 2A, characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma (pheo), and hyperparathyroidism (HPT); MEN 2B, by MTC, pheo, and characteristic stigmata; and familial MTC (FMTC), by the presence of MTC only. The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between specific mutations and the presence of certain disease features in MEN 2 which could help in clinical decision making. Correlative survey study of 477 MEN 2 families. Eighteen tertiary referral centers worldwide. A total of 477 independent MEN 2 families. Association between the position and type of germline mutation in the RET proto-oncogene and the presence or absence of MTC, pheo, HPT, and/or other features in a family. There is a statistically significant association between the presence of any mutation at a specific position (codon 634) and the presence of pheo and HPT. The presence of a specific mutation, CGC at codon 634, has yet to be associated with FMTC. Conversely, mutations at codons 768 and 804 are thus far seen only with FMTC, while codon 918 mutation is MEN 2B--specific. Rare families with both MEN 2 and Hirschsprung disease were found to have MEN 2-specific codon mutations. Patients with Hirschsprung disease presenting with such mutations should be monitored for the possible development of MEN 2 tumors. This consortium analysis suggests that genotype-phenotype correlations do exist and, if made reliably absolute, could prove useful in the future in clinical management with respect to screening, surveillance, and prophylaxis, as well as provide insight into the genetic effects of particular mutations.
    JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 12/1996; 276(19):1575-9. · 29.98 Impact Factor


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