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    ABSTRACT: Small colony variants (SCVs) are subpopulations of a bacterial strain that differ in morphology, growth rate, metabolism, and antibiotic sensitivity from the parent line. They are associated with chronic and difficult-to-treat infections. SCV endocarditis is very rare and usually associated with intracardiac devices. Herein, we report a case of endocarditis caused by SCV-forming Enterococcus faecalis that affected the native heart without any known predisposition.
    Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 07/2013; · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infections due to multidrug-resistant pathogens have an increasing impact on patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Preoperative infections, such as endocarditis, and postoperative infections, including wound and device infection, influence patient outcomes. Special interest needs to be taken in patients admitted to cardiac surgical intensive care units, as these patients are at high risk for infections, particularly nosocomial pneumonia, catheter-related and wound infections. The increasing numbers of infections due to Gram-positive multidrug-resistant pathogens underline the necessity for newer antibiotics with bactericidal effects and a more favorable profile of side effects. Daptomycin, a lipopeptide antimicrobial agent with bactericide activity against Gram-positive organisms, has been successfully used in the treatment of complicated infections due to Gram-positive multidrug-resistant pathogens, especially regarding endocarditis, wound infections, device and catheter-related infections in intensive care units. In this review, the authors will summarize therapeutic potential of daptomycin in cardiac surgery and postoperative intensive care.
    Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy 03/2013; 11(3):309-20. · 3.22 Impact Factor

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May 27, 2014