Understanding self-assessment as an informed process: residents’ use of external information for self-assessment of performance in simulated resuscitations
ABSTRACT Self-directed learning requires self-assessment of learning needs and performance, a complex process that requires collecting and interpreting data from various sources. Learners' approaches to self-assessment likely vary depending on the learner and the context. The aim of this study was to gain insight into how learners process external information and apply their interpretation of this information to their self-assessment and learning during a structured educational activity. The study combined quantitative performance data with qualitative interview data. Pediatric residents led video-recorded simulated resuscitations and rated their crisis resource management skills on a validated 6-item instrument. Three independent observers rated the videos using the same instrument. During semi-structured interviews, each resident reviewed the video, rerated performance, discussed the self-assessment process, and interpreted feedback and observer scores. Transcripts were analyzed for themes. Sixteen residents participated. Residents' self-assessed scores ranged widely but usually fell within two points of the observers. They almost universally lowered their scores when self-assessing after the video review. Five major themes emerged from qualitative analysis of their interviews: (1) residents found self-assessment important and useful in certain contexts and conditions; (2) residents varied in their self-directed learning behaviors after the simulated resuscitation; (3) quantitative observer assessment had limited usefulness; (4) video review was difficult but useful; and (5) residents focused on their weaknesses and felt a need for constructive feedback to enhance learning. The residents in our study almost uniformly embraced the importance of self-assessment for all medical professionals. Even though video review had a negative impact on their self-assessment scores and was perceived as painful, residents saw this as the most useful aspect of the study exercises residents. They were less accepting of the quantitative assessment by observers. Residents explained their tendency to focus on weaknesses as a way to create an incentive for learning, demonstrating that self-assessment is closely linked to self-directed learning. How learners can use video review and external assessment most effectively to guide their self-directed learning deserves further study.
- Advances in Health Sciences Education 11/2012; 18(2). DOI:10.1007/s10459-012-9432-6 · 2.71 Impact Factor
- Medical Teacher 05/2013; 35(7). DOI:10.3109/0142159X.2013.798404 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Responsiveness to feedback is a complex phenomenon that requires and receives attention. However, knowledge on the responsiveness of faculty members to residents' feedback on their teaching performance is lacking. Excellent teaching performance is essential to ensure patient safety and residents' learning in residency training. This study aims to increase our understanding of how faculty staff react to and act upon residents' feedback on their teaching performance. This multi-specialty, multi-institution interview study was conducted to gain insight into: (i) how teaching faculty proceed after they have received residents' feedback on their teaching performance, and (ii) the factors that influence their progression. Between August and December 2011, 24 faculty members who had received formative feedback on their teaching performance through valid and reliable feedback systems participated in this study. They reflected upon their (re)action(s) during individual semi-structured interviews. The interview protocol and analysis were guided by a comprehensive transtheoretical framework describing and explaining stages and processes of behavioural change. Faculty staff involved in residency training used residents' feedback to different extents to adapt or improve their teaching performance. Important tipping points in the processes of change necessary for faculty staff to put feedback into practice were: experiencing negative emotions in themselves or recognising those in residents as a result of failure to act upon feedback; realising that something should be done with or without support from others, and making a strong commitment to change. In addition, having the confidence to act upon feedback and recognising the benefits of change were found to stimulate faculty members to change their teaching behaviour. The responsiveness of faculty members to residents' feedback on their teaching performance varies. The adapted transtheoretical framework explains how and why faculty members do or do not proceed to action after receiving residents' feedback. Given this, organising residents' feedback for faculty staff in a systematic way is a first step and is necessary to effect potential improvements in teaching performance.Medical Education 11/2013; 47(11):1089-1098. DOI:10.1111/medu.12257 · 3.62 Impact Factor