Hodgkin's lymphoma RNA-transfected dendritic cells induce cancer/testis antigen-specific immune responses.
ABSTRACT Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can kill Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) cells, and CTL have been used for the treatment of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive HL. For patients with EBV-negative HL, this strategy cannot be employed and alternative target structures have to be defined. In order to establish a system for the stimulation of HL-reactive T cells, we used dendritic cells (DC) as antigen-presenting cells for autologous T cells and transfected these DC with RNA from established HL cell lines. After stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with RNA-transfected DC, we analyzed the reactivity of primed PBMC by interferon gamma enzyme-linked immunospot. Our results suggest the presence of antigens with expression in HL cell lines and recognition of these antigens in combination with DC-derived human leukocyte antigen molecules. By the analysis of Gene Expression Omnibus microarray data sets from HL cell lines and primary HL samples in comparison with testis and other normal tissues, we identified HL-associated cancer testis antigens (CTA) including the preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma (PRAME). After stimulation of PBMC with RNA-transfected DC, we detected PRAME-reactive T cells. PRAME and other HL-associated CTA might be targets for HL-specific immune therapy or for the monitoring of HL-directed immune responses.
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ABSTRACT: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) and classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) are derived from different cell types, namely T cells and B cells, respectively. However, both lymphomas share a similar cytological and immunohistochemical tumor cell phenotype with little resemblance to their cells of origin. In this study, the transcriptional profiles of ALCL cell lines, primary ALCL tumor cells from peripheral blood and HL cell lines were compared to each other and to normal B-cell subsets, B non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) and B NHL- and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B-cell lines in order to establish their relationship at the transcriptional level and to identify genes with possible pathobiological impact. Expression of some of the genes identified was confirmed in microdissected primary tumor cells by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry. HL samples clustered separately from ALCL samples, but HL and ALCL were found to be more closely related to each other than to any normal or malignant B-cell sample in the dataset. Their relationship was determined to a large extent, but not exclusively, by lack of expression of B-cell antigens and by the over-expression of mRNA encoding activation markers and structural proteins. Apart from established differences between HL and ALCL, further genes of interest could be identified that distinguish both entities from each other and from the other samples. The differential expression of PRAME, DDR2, SOCS3 and CEBPD in HL and ALCL was confirmed in primary tumor tissue by immunohistochemistry and/or RT-PCR. At a transcriptional level HL is more closely related to Alk+ ALCL than to the B-NHL or B-cell samples investigated, although it is a B-cell derived lymphoma. The newly identified genes discriminating HL and ALCL may be pathobiologically important and may serve as possible therapeutic targets.Haematologica 06/2006; 91(5):596-604. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Today it is possible to cure more than 90 % of children and adolescents with Hodgkin's disease with a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Since the DAL-HD 82 study, the main scientific focus has been on avoiding late effects such as the OPSI syndrome, late complications involving the heart, lungs, thyroid and/or gonads particularly sterility in men and premature onset of menopause in women, and the prevention of secondary malignancies. The GPOH-HD 2003 study will introduce FDG-PET to the initial diagnostic program and the assessment of response to therapy in order to evaluate further possibilities for reducing therapy. In this context, the central review of all clinical and radiological findings, systematically done since the DAL-HD 90 study, will be increasingly relevant in maintaining standardised stage classification and therapy group assignment which was established by the preceding studies. Continuing in the direction of the earlier studies, the indications for radiotherapy will be restricted even further. In the early stages (treatment group 1) patients with CR or a negative FDG-PET at the end of chemotherapy will receive no radiotherapy in order to reduce the risk of a secondary malignancy. In a randomized comparison, procarbazine will be replaced by dacarbazine in the COPP cycles to determine whether sterility in men and premature onset of menopause in women can be avoided by elimination of procarbazine while retaining the same clinical efficacy. Finally, relapse therapy is to be tailored according to the time of relapse, the initial therapy group, and the patient's response to the relapse therapy with more patients receiving autologous transplantation in order to further improve the results of relapse treatment.Klinische Pädiatrie 01/2004; 216(3):150-6. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: SUMMARY Continuous cell lines, SK-N-SH and SK-N-MC, were established in cell culture from human metastatic neuro blastoma tissue and maintained in vitro for 1 to 2 years. SK-N-SH comprises two morphologically distinctive cell types, a small spiny cell and a large epithelioid cell. SK- N-MC is composed of small fibroblast-like cells with scant cytoplasm. In monolayer culture both cell lines form dis oriented growth patterns and reach high saturation den sities. Population-doubling times were 44 and 32 hr for SK-N-SH and SK-N-MC, respectively. Inoculum levels of IO7cells of both lines produced tumors confirmed by histo- pathological examination, at frequencies of 30 to 40% in cheek pouches of conditioned Syrian hamsters. SK-N-SH cells are characterized by high dopamine-/3-hydroxylase activity while SK-N-MC cells have no detectable activity. However, for SK-N-MC but not SK-N-SH, the presence of intracellular catecholamine was indicated by formaldehyde- induced fluorescence. The lines are near-diploid with sev eral chromosomal markers; SK-N-MC cells contain doub\e-minute chromosomes. Growth, biochemical, and cytogenetic properties confirmed that the lines comprise malignant cells of neurogenic origin.Cancer Research 12/1973; 33(11):2643-52. · 8.65 Impact Factor