ABCA1 gene promoter DNA methylation is associated with HDL particle profile and coronary artery disease in familial hypercholesterolemia

Department of Biochemistry, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.
Epigenetics: official journal of the DNA Methylation Society (Impact Factor: 4.78). 05/2012; 7(5):464-72. DOI: 10.4161/epi.19633
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT High-density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL-C) level, a strong coronary artery disease (CAD) clinical biomarker, shows significant interindividual variability. However, the molecular mechanisms involved remain mostly unknown. ATP-binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) catalyzes the cholesterol transfer from peripheral cells to nascent HDL particles. Recently, a differentially methylation region was identified in ABCA1 gene promoter locus, near the first exon. Therefore, we hypothesized that DNA methylation changes at ABCA1 gene locus is one of the molecular mechanisms involved in HDL-C interindividual variability. The study was conducted in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), a monogenic disorder associated with a high risk of CAD . Ninety-seven FH patients (all p.W66G for the LDLR gene mutation and not under lipid-lowering treatment) were recruited and finely phenotyped for DNA methylation analyses at ABCA1 gene locus. ABCA1 DNA methylation levels were found negatively correlated with circulating HDL-C (r = -0.20; p = 0.05), HDL2-phospholipid levels (r = -0.43; p = 0.04), and with a trend for association with HDL peak particle size (r = -0.38; p = 0.08). ABCA1 DNA methylation levels were also found associated with prior history of CAD (CAD = 40.2% vs. without CAD = 34.3%; p = 0.003). These results suggest that epigenetic changes within the ABCA1 gene promoter contribute to the interindividual variability in plasma HDL-C concentrations and are associated with CAD expression. These findings could change our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathophysiological processes leading to CAD.

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    • "Moreover, methylation alterations of several other factors were found in blood samples. For example, ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) promoter hypermethylation was positively associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), age and lipid profiles in leukocytes [125] [126]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays, epigenetic mechanisms involving DNA methylation, histone modifications and microRNA regulation emerge as important players in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Epigenetics may provide the missing link between environment, genome and disease phenotype and be responsible for the strong interindividual variation in disease risk factors underlying CVD. Daily diet is known to have a major influence on both the development and the prevention of CVD. Interestingly, the dietary lifestyle of our (grand)parents and of us contributes to CVD risk by metabolic (re)programming of our epigenome in utero, after birth or during life. In contrast to genetic mutations, the plasticity of CVD related epigenetic changes makes them attractive candidates for nutritional prevention or pharmacological intervention. Although a growing number of epidemiologic studies have shown a link between the ingestion of nutritional polyphenols and cardiovascular health benefits, potential involvement of epigenetic mechanisms has been underexplored. In this review, we will give an overview of epigenetic alterations in atherosclerosis, with the focus on DNA and histone modifications by chromatin-modifying proteins. Finally, we illustrate that cocoa flavanols and other classes of dietary molecules may promote cardiovascular health by targeting multiple classes of chromatin writer-reader-eraser proteins related to histone acetylation-methylation and DNA methylation.
    Current topics in medicinal chemistry 08/2015; 15(999). DOI:10.2174/1568026615666150825141720 · 3.40 Impact Factor
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    • "PCR and sequencing primers were selected using the PyroMark Assay Design v2.0.1.15 (Qiagen), as previously described [7] (Additional file 1: Figure S1). DNA methylation levels were measured at eight CpG dinucleotides upstream from the first exon of the ABCA1 gene (ABCA1-CpG1 to -CpG8; Additional file 1: Figure S1). "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Previous studies have suggested that DNA methylation contributes to coronary artery disease (CAD) risk variability. DNA hypermethylation at the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene, an important modulator of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reverse cholesterol transport, has been previously associated with plasma lipid levels, aging and CAD, but the association with CAD has yet to be replicated. Results ABCA1 DNA methylation levels were measured in leucocytes of 88 men using bis-pyrosequencing. We first showed that DNA methylation at the ABCA1 gene promoter locus is associated with aging and CAD occurrence in men (P < 0.05). The latter association is stronger among older men with CAD (≥61 years old; n = 19), who showed at least 4.7% higher ABCA1 DNA methylation levels as compared to younger men with CAD (<61 years old; n = 19) or men without CAD (n = 50; P < 0.001). Higher ABCA1 DNA methylation levels in older men were also associated with higher total cholesterol (r = 0.34, P = 0.03), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = 0.32, P = 0.04) and triglyceride levels (r = 0.26, P = 0.09). Furthermore, we showed that acetylsalicylic acid therapy is associated with 3.6% lower ABCA1 DNA methylation levels (P = 0.006), independent of aging and CAD status of patients. Conclusions This study provides new evidence that the ABCA1 epigenetic profile is associated with CAD and aging, and highlights that epigenetic modifications might be a significant molecular mechanism involved in the pathophysiological processes associated with CAD. Acetylsalicylic acid treatment for CAD prevention might involve epigenetic mechanisms.
    Clinical Epigenetics 07/2014; 6(1):14. DOI:10.1186/1868-7083-6-14 · 4.54 Impact Factor
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    • "Since various trails had been keen on the single-nucleotide polymorphisms, some had averted their sight to epigenetics, such as miRNA, DNA methylation. Recently, we have found that aberrant methylation is interpreted to take part in the occurrence and development of diseases including colorectal cancer [14, 15], breast cancer [16, 17], coronary artery disease [18], and schizophrenia [19]. For clopidogrel resistance, numerous studies have investigated the underlying mechanism. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Clopidogrel inhibits the ADP receptor P2Y12 to keep down the platelet aggregation. The goal of our study is to investigate the contribution of P2Y12 promoter DNA methylation to the risk of clopidogrel resistance (CR). Methods: The platelet functions were measured by the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay. Applying the bisulfite pyrosequencing technology, DNA methylation levels of two CpG dinucleotides on P2Y12 promoter were tested among 49 CR cases and 57 non-CR controls. We also investigated the association among P2Y12 DNA methylation, various biochemical characteristics, and CR. Result: Lower methylation of two CpGs indicated the poorer clopidogrel response (CpG1, P=0.009; CpG2, P=0.022) in alcohol abusing status. Meanwhile CpG1 methylation was inversely correlated with CR in smoking patients (P=0.026) and in subgroup of Albumin<35 (P=0.002). We observed that the level of DNA methylation might be affected by some clinical markers, such as TBIL, LEVF, Albumin, AST. The results also showed that the quantity of stent, fasting blood-glucose, and lower HbAC1 were the predictors of CR. Conclusions: The evidence from our study indicates that P2Y12 methylation may bring new hints to elaborate the pathogenesis of CR.
    03/2014; 2014:450814. DOI:10.1155/2014/450814
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