ABCA1 gene promoter DNA methylation is associated with HDL particle profile and coronary artery disease in familial hypercholesterolemia
ABSTRACT High-density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL-C) level, a strong coronary artery disease (CAD) clinical biomarker, shows significant interindividual variability. However, the molecular mechanisms involved remain mostly unknown. ATP-binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) catalyzes the cholesterol transfer from peripheral cells to nascent HDL particles. Recently, a differentially methylation region was identified in ABCA1 gene promoter locus, near the first exon. Therefore, we hypothesized that DNA methylation changes at ABCA1 gene locus is one of the molecular mechanisms involved in HDL-C interindividual variability. The study was conducted in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), a monogenic disorder associated with a high risk of CAD . Ninety-seven FH patients (all p.W66G for the LDLR gene mutation and not under lipid-lowering treatment) were recruited and finely phenotyped for DNA methylation analyses at ABCA1 gene locus. ABCA1 DNA methylation levels were found negatively correlated with circulating HDL-C (r = -0.20; p = 0.05), HDL2-phospholipid levels (r = -0.43; p = 0.04), and with a trend for association with HDL peak particle size (r = -0.38; p = 0.08). ABCA1 DNA methylation levels were also found associated with prior history of CAD (CAD = 40.2% vs. without CAD = 34.3%; p = 0.003). These results suggest that epigenetic changes within the ABCA1 gene promoter contribute to the interindividual variability in plasma HDL-C concentrations and are associated with CAD expression. These findings could change our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathophysiological processes leading to CAD.
Article: Epigenética en la arteriosclerosis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The association studies based on candidate genes carried on for decades have helped in visualizing the influence of the genetic component in complex diseases such as atherosclerosis, also showing the interaction between different genes and environmental factors. Even with all the knowledge accumulated, there is still some way to go to decipher the individual predisposition to disease, and if we consider the great influence that environmental factors play in the development and progression of atherosclerosis, epigenetics is presented as a key element in trying to expand our knowledge on individual predisposition to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
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ABSTRACT: To assess whether DNA methylation is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). An epigenome-wide analysis has been performed on leucocytes from familial hypercholesterolemic (FH) men with (n = 6) or without CAD (n = 6). The results were replicated in an extended sample of FH men (n = 61) and in non-FH men (n = 100) for two of the top differentially methylated loci. FH men with CAD had significantly more hypomethylated and hypermethylated loci and showed less DNA methylation level variability compared with men without CAD (p < 0.001). Moreover, COL14A1 and MMP9 DNA methylation levels were associated with CAD, age of onset of CAD or CAD risk factors. These results suggest that epigenome-wide changes are associated with CAD occurrence in men.Epigenomics 02/2015; 7(1):17-34. DOI:10.2217/epi.14.64 · 5.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ABC transporters represent a large family of ATP-driven transmembrane transporters involved in uni- or bidirectional transfer of a large variety of substrates. Divided in seven families, they represent 48 transporter proteins, several of which have been associated with human disease. Among the latter is ABCC6, a unidirectional exporter protein primarily expressed in liver and kidney. ABCC6 deficiency has been shown to cause the ectopic mineralization disorder pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), characterized by calcification and fragmentation of elastic fibers, resulting in oculocutaneous and cardiovascular symptoms. Unique in the group of connective tissue disorders, the pathophysiological relation between the ABCC6 transporter and ectopic mineralization in PXE remains enigmatic, not in the least because of lack of knowledge on the substrate(s) of ABCC6 and its unusual expression pattern. Because many features, including structure and transport mechanism, are shared by many ABC transporters, it is worthwhile to evaluate if and to what extent the knowledge on the physiology and pathophysiology of these other transporters may provide useful clues toward understanding the (patho)physiological role of ABCC6 and how its deficiency may be dealt with.Frontiers in Genetics 10/2013; 4:203. DOI:10.3389/fgene.2013.00203