Reirradiation with cetuximab in locoregional recurrent and inoperable squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: feasibility and first efficacy results.
ABSTRACT To report our experience with a prospective protocol of external beam reirradiation (Re-RT) combined with cetuximab for patients with inoperable, recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).
Between August 2008 and June 2010, 18 patients with inoperable recurrence of SCCHN after adjuvant or definitive radiotherapy (RT) and simultaneous or sequential cisplatin-based chemotherapy for primary SCCHN were enrolled. Acute and late toxicity from the experimental regimen were recorded every week during RT and every 3 months thereafter. Efficacy was assessed with repeated imaging using response evaluation criteria in solid tumors and clinical examinations 8-12 weeks after completion of the treatment and every 3 months thereafter.
Median follow-up time for all patients was 9.4 (range: 3.85-31.7) months and for patients alive 30.4 (range: 15.7-31.7) months. Acute toxicity was generally mild or moderate. Five patients developed a grade 3 acneiform rash related to cetuximab. Late toxicity occurred as grade 3 trismus in five and as grade 3 abacterial salivary gland inflammation in one patient, respectively. Overall response rate was 47%. Median overall and progression-free survival for all patients was 8.38 months and 7.33 months, respectively. The overall survival rate was 44% at 1 year, with a 1 year local control rate of 33%.
Notwithstanding the limitations of our preliminary data Re-RT combined with cetuximab for recurrent and inoperable SCCHN is feasible and the integration of newer targeted agents seems to be less toxic compared to conventional chemotherapy with encouraging response rates at least for a subset of patients.
- SourceAvailable from: Marc Hamoir[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The management of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas does not end with the completion of ablative therapy. The oncologic objectives of post-treatment follow-up are to detect recurrences and second primary tumors; beyond that, follow-up should evaluate acute and chronic treatment-related side effects, guide the rehabilitation process, alleviate functional loss, manage pain, restore nutritional status and assess psychosocial factors. In this structured review, we address the questions of timing and the tools required to achieve a complete and coherent routine surveillance. Several guidelines and consensus statements recommend clinical examination as the cornerstone of follow-up which should be performed for at least 5 years, although there are no data in favor of any one particular follow-up program, and only low-level evidence suggests an improvement in oncologic outcomes by close follow-up. Baseline imaging (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) should be obtained within 2-6 months after definitive therapy if used for treatment response evaluation. Metabolic response, if indicated, should be assessed preferably after 3 months in patients who undergo curative-intent therapy with (chemo)-radiotherapy. Chest computed tomography is more sensitive than plain radiography, if used in follow-up, but the benefit and cost-effectiveness of routine chest computed tomography has not been demonstrated. There are no current data supporting modifications specific to the surveillance plan of patients with human papillomavirus-associated disease.Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 09/2012; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose For some patients with recurrent, unresectable, and previously irradiated head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), reirradiation (re-RT) may be a curative option. Chemotherapy with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition is established as palliative management. This retrospective single-institutional study investigates feasibility, toxicity, and outcome of reirradiation (re-RT) combined with EGFR blockade for these patients. Patients and methods Between June 2008 and June 2012, 23 patients with inoperable and previously irradiated HNSCC were reirradiated. Concomitant EGFR blockade (cetuximab) was given initially at 400 mg/m2 two days prior to re-RT and weekly (250 mg/m2) thereafter. PET/CT imaging was fused with planning CT in 8 patients. Results One patient died of anaphylactic shock during the first cetuximab administration; two discontinued treatment on their own request. In all, 20 patients completed re-RT (50.4–66.6 Gy) and received cetuximab as prescribed. Grade 3 acute side effects were documented for dermatitis (35 %), dysphagia (30 %), acneiform rash (30 %), and mucositis (15 %). The 1-year overall survival rate was 34.8 %. Median overall and progression-free survival times were 9 and 4.3 months, respectively. A multivariable analysis using the Cox regression model showed significant positive impact of acneiform rash (hazard ratio [HR] 0.1531, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.0383–0.6111), while a period from first radiation to re-RT longer than 120 months negatively (HR 0.1633, 95 % CI 0.0305–0.8734) influenced patient survival. Conclusion re-RT with concurrent cetuximab was feasible. Compared to platinum-based chemotherapy with fluorouracil and cetuximab, this therapeutic approach did not demonstrate survival benefit. Prolonged intervals from first treatment to re-RT seem to be unfavorable.Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 07/2013; · 4.16 Impact Factor