Laparoscopic treatment of obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus: a prospective study.
ABSTRACT Short-segment Barrett's esophagus (SSBE) or long-segment Barrett's esophagus (LSBE) is the consequence of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is frequently associated with obesity. Obesity is a significant risk factor for the development of GERD symptoms, erosive esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Morbidly obese patients who submitted to gastric bypass have an incidence of GERD as high as 50% to 100% and Barrett's esophagus reaches up to 9% of patients.
In this prospective study, we evaluate the postoperative results after three different procedures--calibrated fundoplication + posterior gastropexy (CFPG), fundoplication + vagotomy + distal gastrectomy + Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy (FVDGRYGJ), and laparoscopic resectional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRRYGBP)--among obese patients.
In patients with SSBE who submitted to CFPG, the persistence of reflux symptoms and endoscopic erosive esophagitis was observed in 15% and 20.2% of them, respectively. Patients with LSBE were submitted to FVDGRYGJ or LRRYGBP which significantly improved their symptoms and erosive esophagitis. No modifications of LESP were observed in patients who submitted to LRRYGBP before or after the operation. Acid reflux diminished after the three types of surgery were employed. Patients who submitted to LRRYGBP presented a significant reduction of BMI from 41.5 ± 4.3 to 25.7 ± 1.3 kg/m(2) after 12 months.
Among patients with LSBE, FVDGRYGJ presents very good results in terms of improving GERD and Barrett's esophagus, but the reduction of weight is limited. LRRYGBP improves GERD disease and Barrett's esophagus with proven reduction in body weight and BMI, thus becoming the procedure of choice for obese patients.
Article: GERD Procedures: When and What?[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background The topic of "when and what" for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) procedures centers on the correct indications for antireflux surgery gleaned from a thorough preoperative evaluation (the "when") and on the right antireflux operation to perform once the ideal candidate is identified (the "what"). Aims The goals of this evidence-based review are the following: (1) to identify the key indications for surgery and predictors of good outcomes in the initial evaluation of patients with symptoms of GERD; (2) to describe the operations for GERD in the armamentarium of the general surgeon and their indications, as well as the technical elements of the operation; and (3) to describe the optimal surgical treatment of GERD and obesity when the two diseases coexist.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 07/2014; 18(11). DOI:10.1007/s11605-014-2558-5 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Obesity has been reported to adversely affect the outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS). This study examined pre- and postoperative clinical and objective outcomes and quality of life in obese and normal-weight patients following LARS at a specialized centre. Methods Prospective data from patients subjected to LARS (Nissen or Toupet fundoplication) for symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease in the General Public Hospital of Zell am See were analyzed. Patients were divided in two groups: normal weight [body mass index (BMI) 20-25 kg/m2] and obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2). Gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI), symptom grading, esophageal manometry and multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring data were documented and compared preoperatively and at 1 year postoperatively. Result The study cohort included forty normal-weight and forty obese patients. Mean follow-up was 14.7 ± 2.4 months. The mean GIQLI improved significantly after surgery in both groups (p p = 0.007; p = 0.006, respectively), but no difference in gas bloat and bowel dysfunction symptoms could be found. No intra- or perioperative complications occurred. A total of six patients had to be reoperated (7.5 %), two (5 %) in the obese group and four (10 %) in the normal-weight group, because of recurrent hiatal hernia and slipping of the wrap or persistent dysphagia due to closure of the wrap. Conclusion Obesity is not associated with a poorer clinical and objective outcome after LARS. Increased BMI seems not to be a risk factor for recurrent symptomatology and reoperation.Surgical Endoscopy 10/2014; 29(6). DOI:10.1007/s00464-014-3842-x · 3.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Single-anastomosis (mini-) gastric bypass (SAGB) was proposed by Dr. Robert Rutledge. Criticism and prejudice against this procedure was raised by surgeons who preferred a more difficult procedure, laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Increasing data indicates the procedure is an effective and durable bariatric procedure. SAGB has lower operation risks compared to RYGB. The weight loss is better after SAGB because of a greater malabsorptive component than RYGB, but SAGB had a higher incidence of micronutrient deficiencies. Randomized controlled trial and long-term data demonstrate that SAGB can be regarded as a simpler and safer alternative to RYGB. We propose this procedure to be renamed "single-anastomosis gastric bypass (SAGB)" because the key feature of SAGB is the "single anastomosis" compared with the two anastomoses of RYGB.Obesity Surgery 07/2014; 24(10). DOI:10.1007/s11695-014-1369-9 · 3.74 Impact Factor