Mechanical dyssynchrony evaluated by tissue Doppler cross-correlation analysis is associated with long-term survival in patients after cardiac resynchronization therapy

Department of Cardiology, Gentofte University Hospital, DK 2900 Hellerup, Denmark.
European Heart Journal (Impact Factor: 15.2). 03/2012; 34(1). DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehs035
Source: PubMed


AimsPre-implant assessment of longitudinal mechanical dyssynchrony using cross-correlation analysis (XCA) was tested for association with long-term survival and compared with other tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived indices.Methods and resultsIn 131 patients referred for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) from two international centres, mechanical dyssynchrony was assessed from TDI velocity curves using time-to-peak opposing wall delay (OWD) ≥80 ms, Yu index ≥32 ms, and the maximal activation delay (AD-max) >35 ms. AD-max was calculated by XCA of the TDI-derived myocardial acceleration curves. Outcome was a composite of all-cause mortality, cardiac transplantation, or implantation of a ventricular assist device (left ventricular assist device) and modelled using the Cox proportional hazards regression. Follow-up was truncated at 1460 days. Dyssynchrony by AD-max was independently associated with improved survival when adjusted for QRS > 150 ms and aetiology {hazard ratio (HR) 0.35 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.16-0.77], P = 0.01}. Maximal activation delay performed significantly better than Yu index, OWD, and the presence of left bundle branch block (P < 0.05, all, for difference between parameters). In subgroup analysis, patients without dyssynchrony and QRS between 120 and 150 ms showed a particularly poor survival [HR 4.3 (95% CI 1.46-12.59), P < 0.01, compared with the group with dyssynchrony and QRS between 120 and 150 ms].ConclusionMechanical dyssynchrony assessed by AD-max was associated with long-term survival after CRT and was significantly better associated compared with other TDI-derived indices. Patients without dyssynchrony and QRS between 120 and 150 ms had a particularly poor prognosis. These results indicate a valuable role for XCA in selection of CRT candidates.

1 Follower
5 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Doppler tissue imaging may help identify children with dyssynchrony who could benefit from resynchronization therapy. However, few studies have quantified dyssynchrony measures in children; no study has investigated the relationship among age, heart rate, and dyssynchrony measures in children; and no study has quantified cross-correlation delay in children. The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses that measures of left ventricular dyssynchrony would correlate with age, primarily because of the correlation between heart rate and age, and that children with cardiomyopathy would have left ventricular dyssynchrony. Methods: Sixty healthy children and 11 children with dilated cardiomyopathy were prospectively enrolled. Seven dyssynchrony measures were quantified: septal-to-lateral delay, peak velocity difference, the standard deviations of times to peak in 12 segments in systole and diastole, and cross-correlation delay in systole, diastole, and the whole cycle. Results: The seven dyssynchrony measures were either not correlated with age or only weakly correlated with age after correcting for heart rate using Bazett's formula. Septal-to-lateral delay, peak velocity difference, and the standard deviation of times to peak in 12 segments in systole showed dyssynchrony in 57% to 85% of normal controls, compared with 20% for cross-correlation delay in the whole cycle and 3% for the standard deviation of times to peak in 12 segments in diastole. Cross-correlation delay in systole, cross-correlation delay in diastole, cross-correlation delay in the whole cycle, and the standard deviation of times to peak in 12 segments in diastole were elevated in children with dilated cardiomyopathy compared with controls. Conclusions: Echocardiographic dyssynchrony measures should be corrected for heart rate using Bazett's formula in children. Time-to-peak Doppler tissue imaging dyssynchrony measures classify many healthy children as having abnormalities with the timing of left ventricular contraction, which suggests that the methodology is not accurate in children. In preliminary studies, cross-correlation dyssynchrony measures show elevated systolic and diastolic measures of dyssynchrony in children with dilated cardiomyopathy compared with controls, which deserves further investigation to help identify children who may benefit from resynchronization therapy.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 11/2012; 26(2). DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2012.10.014 · 4.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Optimization of the interventricular delay (VV-optimization) in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) patients can be performed by evaluation of mechanical dyssynchrony. However, there is no consensus on which method to use. In this study, three conceptually different methods were evaluated. Thirty consecutive CRT patients were included. At day 1, patients were atrioventricular and VV optimized by left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) velocity time integral (VTI). At 6 months, 2D strain (2DS) echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) was performed at six different VV-programming delay in steps of 20 ms. LVOT and three indices of dyssynchrony were evaluated at each setting: standard deviation (SD) of time-to-peak strain in 12 segments (2DS-SD), SD of time-to-peak velocities in 12 segments (TDI-SD), and maximal activation delay (AD-max) by cross-correlation analysis (XCA) of TDI-derived myocardial acceleration curves. Feasibility was 90% for 2DS-SD and TDI-SD and 97% for AD-max. Coefficients of variation for intraobserver variability were 13% for 2DS-SD, 11% for TDI-SD, and 6% for AD-max. A relative increase in LVOT VTI > 10% was observed in 5/12 (42%) nonresponders and 7/18 (39%) responders to CRT. Optimization by all three dyssynchrony indices significantly increased LVOT VTI compared to simultaneous pacing and optimal setting at day 1 (P < 0.05, all). LVOT VTI was highest when using AD-max, and AD-max showed the best agreement (k = 0.71). VV optimization at 6 months acutely benefits both responders and nonresponders; however, dyssynchrony indices do not perform equally well. XCA has a high feasibility and reproducibility and appears to be superior to time-to-peak techniques.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 07/2013; 36(11). DOI:10.1111/pace.12203 · 1.13 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Contradicting reports have been published regarding the relation between a dobutamine-induced increase in either cardiac dyssynchrony or left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and the response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Using apical rocking (ApRock) as surrogate dyssynchrony parameter, we investigated the dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE)-induced changes in left-ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and LVEF and their potential pathophysiological interdependence. Fifty-eight guideline-selected CRT candidates were prospectively enrolled for low-dose DSE. Dyssynchrony was quantified by the amplitude of ApRock. An LVEF increase during stress of >5% was regarded significant. Scar burden was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Mean follow-up after CRT implantation was 41 ± 13 months for the occurrence of cardiac death. ApRock during DSE predicted CRT response (AUC 0.88, 95% CI 0.77-0.99, P < 0.001) and correlated inversely with changes in EF (r = -0.6, P < 0.001). Left-ventricular ejection fraction changes during DSE were not associated with CRT response (P = 0.082). Linear regression analysis revealed an inverse association of LVEF changes during DSE with both, total scar burden (B = -2.67, 95CI -3.77 to -1.56, P < 0.001) and the DSE-induced change in ApRock amplitude (B = -1.23, 95% CI -1.53 to -0.94, P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that DSE-induced increase in ApRock, but not LVEF, was associated with improved long-term survival. During low-dose DSE in CRT candidates with baseline dyssynchrony, myocardial contractile reserve predominantly results in more dyssynchrony, but less in an increase in LVEF. Dyssynchrony at baseline and its dobutamine-induced changes are predictive of both response and long-term survival following CRT.
    European Heart Journal 08/2013; 35(1). DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/eht294 · 15.20 Impact Factor
Show more

Similar Publications