Relationship of oxidative stress in hepatitis B infection activity with HBV DNA and fibrosis.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate oxidative stress in various clinical forms of hepatitis B infection and to investigate its role in the development of the chronic form of the disease.
Ninety-three patients with inactive hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) carrier state (IHBCS), 65 patients with chronic hepatitis B infection (CHB), and 42 healthy adults were included in the study. The following values were measured and compared in patient groups: total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidative stress (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), sulfhydryl (SH), lipid peroxidation (LOOH), catalase (CAT), and ceruloplasmin. In patients with chronic hepatitis B, these values were compared with HBV DNA and fibrosis levels.
ALT, TOS, LOOH, and OSI levels were higher in the CHB group compared to the other groups (P<0.001). Catalase levels increased in the CHB and IHBCS groups compared to the control group (P<0.001). Total aminooxidant and ceruloplasmin levels were found to be lowest in the CHB group and highest in the control group (P<0.001). Sulfhyrdyl was higher in the control group compared to the other groups (P<0.001). In the CHB group, there was no correlation between the HBV DNA and OSI (P>0.05).
These finding suggested that oxidative stress is associated with hepatitis B activity.
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ABSTRACT: A rapid, cost-efficient, spectrophotometric assay for serum catalase activity was developed. It was a combination of optimized enzymatic conditions and the spectrophotometric assay of hydrogen peroxide based on formation of its stable complex with ammonium molybdate. Lipemic and icteric sera increased the absorbance without influencing the catalase assay. Due to the high catalase activity in erythrocytes artificial hemolysis increased serum catalase activity. The imprecision of the method was CV less than 5.8% within run as well and day-to-day. The catalase assay performed using polarographic and spectrophotometric determination of hydrogen peroxide yielded a good correlation (r = 0.9602, b = 1.011, a = -0.648, n = 440). In 742 healthy individuals the mean and SD values of serum catalase were 50.5 +/- 18.1 kU/l with 17.7% higher activity in males than in females. Between 14-60 yr the serum catalase increased with age.Clinica Chimica Acta 03/1991; 196(2-3):143-51. · 2.85 Impact Factor
Article: Tissue sulfhydryl groups.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
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