Article

Transcription factor regulation by mechanical stress

University of Pennsylvania, 3340 Smith Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19103, United States.
The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology (Impact Factor: 4.24). 02/2012; 44(5):728-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocel.2012.02.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT New technologies and interest in cell mechanics are generating exciting new discoveries about how material properties and forces affect biological structure and function. Mechanical forces are transduced via a variety of mechanisms, recently beginning to be revealed, into signals capable of altering cell function and structure. Responses to physical stimuli occur at multiple levels, from changes in the structures of single proteins to global cascades capable of altering cell proliferation and differentiation. This review describes recent findings in which physical stimuli were shown to modulate transcription factor activity, including that of armadillo/β-catenin, serum response factor (SRF), yes-associated protein (YAP) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB).

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