Currently used cytotoxic drugs in cancer therapy have a similar mechanism of action and low specificity. Applied simultaneously, they show an additive effect with strong side effects. Clinical trials with the use of different agents in cancer therapy show that the use of these compounds alone is not very effective in fighting cancer. An alternative solution could be to apply a combination of these agents, because their combination has a synergistic effect on some cancer cells. Therefore, in our investigations we examined the effects of a synthetic retinoid-fenretinide when combined with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-indomethacin on the process of apoptosis in the acute human T-cell leukemia cell line Jurkat. We demonstrate that treatment with the combination of the tested compounds induces the death of cells, that is peculiar and combines features of apoptosis as well as non-apoptotic cell death. In detail we observed, cell membrane permeabilization, phosphatydylserine exposure, no oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation, no caspase-3 activation, but apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) nuclear translocation. Taken together these results indicate, that Jurkat cells after treatment with a combination of fenretinide and indomethacin undergo AIF-mediated programmed cell death.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The outcome in patients with breast cancer is not satisfactory to date, although new chemotherapy regimens have been introduced in clinics. Therefore, novel approaches are required for better management of patients with breast cancer. In this study, we tested the cytotoxic activity of a new combination of fenretinide, a synthetic retinoid, with indole-3-carbinol, a natural product present in vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage, against MCF-7 (estrogen receptor-positive) and MDA-MB-231 (estrogen receptor-negative) cell lines. It has been found that the combination resulted in more powerful cytotoxic activity, by induction of apoptosis, compared with that when they were used singly. In conclusion, this novel combination warrants in-vivo experiments to elucidate its possible use in the treatment of breast cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The combination of fenretinide and selenite on ovarian cancer cells was investigated to assess its effects on proliferation and ability to induce apoptosis. Our results showed that fenretinide and selenite in combination significantly suppress the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells and induced apoptosis (including reactive oxygen species generation, and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential) compared with either drug used alone. The caspase3/9-dependent pathway was triggered significantly in combination treatment, and moreover, the AMPK pathway also mediated the apoptosis induction in fenretinide and selenite combination. Fenretinide and selenite combination treatment was demonstrated to suppress tumor growth in vivo, this drug combination has been thus found to have an enhanced anti-tumor effect on ovarian cancers cells.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 11/2013; 14(11):21790-804. DOI:10.3390/ijms141121790 · 2.86 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The electric field and the concomitant heat (electrohyperthermia) can synergistically induce cell death in tumor tissue, due to elevated glycolysis, ion concentration, and permittivity in malignant compared with nonmalignant tissues. Here we studied the mechanism and time course of tumor destruction caused by electrohyperthermia.
Bilateral implants of HT29 colorectal cancer in the femoral regions of Balb/c (nu/nu) mice were treated with a single 30-min shot of modulated, 13.56-MHz, radiofrequency-generated electrohyperthermia (mEHT). Tumors at 0, 1, 4, 8, 14, 24, 48, and 72 h posttreatment were studied for morphology, DNA fragmentation, and cell death response-related protein expression using tissue microarrays, immunohistochemistry, Western immunoblots, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assays.
Modulated EHT treatment induced significant tumor destruction in HT29 xenografts with a peak of a sevenfold increase compared with the untreated controls. The significant treatment-related elevation of DNA fragmentation-detected with TUNEL assay-and apoptotic bodies between 24 and 72 h posttreatment was proof of a programmed cell death response. This was associated with significant mitochondrial accumulation of bax and mitochondrial-to-cytoplasmic release of cytochrome c proteins between 8 and 14 h. Cleaved caspase-3 levels were low and mainly localized to inflammatory cells. The substantial cytoplasmic-to-nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and its 57-kDa activated fragment detected between 14 and 24 h after treatment indicated AIF as an effector for DNA fragmentation.
Modulated EHT treatment can induce programmed cell death-related tumor destruction in HT29 colorectal adenocarcinoma xenografts, which dominantly follows a caspase-independent subroutine.
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 02/2014; 190(9). DOI:10.1007/s00066-014-0617-1 · 2.91 Impact Factor
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