A high-density simple sequence repeat and single nucleotide polymorphism genetic map of the tetraploid cotton genome.

G3-Genes Genomes Genetics (Impact Factor: 1.79). 01/2012; 2(1):43-58. DOI: 10.1534/g3.111.001552
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Genetic linkage maps play fundamental roles in understanding genome structure, explaining genome formation events during evolution, and discovering the genetic bases of important traits. A high-density cotton (Gossypium spp.) genetic map was developed using representative sets of simple sequence repeat (SSR) and the first public set of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers to genotype 186 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from an interspecific cross between Gossypium hirsutum L. (TM-1) and G. barbadense L. (3-79). The genetic map comprised 2072 loci (1825 SSRs and 247 SNPs) and covered 3380 centiMorgan (cM) of the cotton genome (AD) with an average marker interval of 1.63 cM. The allotetraploid cotton genome produced equivalent recombination frequencies in its two subgenomes (At and Dt). Of the 2072 loci, 1138 (54.9%) were mapped to 13 At-subgenome chromosomes, covering 1726.8 cM (51.1%), and 934 (45.1%) mapped to 13 Dt-subgenome chromosomes, covering 1653.1 cM (48.9%). The genetically smallest homeologous chromosome pair was Chr. 04 (A04) and 22 (D04), and the largest was Chr. 05 (A05) and 19 (D05). Duplicate loci between and within homeologous chromosomes were identified that facilitate investigations of chromosome translocations. The map augments evidence of reciprocal rearrangement between ancestral forms of Chr. 02 and 03 versus segmental homeologs 14 and 17 as centromeric regions show homeologous between Chr. 02 (A02) and 17 (D02), as well as between Chr. 03 (A03) and 14 (D03). This research represents an important foundation for studies on polyploid cottons, including germplasm characterization, gene discovery, and genome sequence assembly.

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    BMC Genomics 06/2013; 14(1):403. · 4.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular markers such as simple sequence repeats (SSR) are a useful tool for characterizing genetic diversity of Gossypium germplasm. Genetic profiles by DNA fingerprinting of cotton accessions can only be compared among different collections if a common set of molecular markers are used by different laboratories and/or research projects. Herein, we propose and report a core set of 105 SSR markers with wide genome coverage of at least four evenly distributed markers per chromosome for the 26 tetraploid cotton chromosomes. The core marker set represents the efforts of ten research groups involved in marker development, and have been systematically evaluated for DNA polymorphism on the 12 genotypes belonging to six Gossypium species [known collectively as the cotton marker database (CMD) panel]. A total of 35 marker bins in triplex sets were arranged from the 105 markers that were each labeled with one of the three fluorescent dyes (FAM, HEX, and NED). Results from this study indicated that the core marker set was robust in revealing DNA polymorphism either between and within species. Average value of polymorphism information content (PIC) among the CMD panel was 0.65, and that within the cultivated cotton species Gossypium hirsutum was 0.29. Based on the similarity matrix and phylogenetic analysis of the CMD panel, the core marker set appeared to be sufficient in characterizing the diversity within G. hirsutum and other Gossypium species. The portability of this core marker set would facilitate the systematic characterization and the simultaneous comparison among various research efforts involved in genetic diversity analysis and germplasm resource preservation.
    Euphytica 08/2012; 187(2):203-213. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To better understand the genetic diversity of the cultivated Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and its structure at the molecular level, 193 Upland cotton cultivars collected from 26 countries were genotyped using 448 microsatellite markers. These markers were selected based on their mapping positions in the high density G. hirsutum TM-1 × G. barbadense 3-79 map, and they covered the whole genome. In addition, the physical locations of these markers were also partially identified based on the reference sequence of the diploid G. raimondii (D5) genome. The marker orders in the genetic map were largely in agreement with their orders in the physical map. These markers revealed 1,590 alleles belonging to 732 loci. Analysis of unique marker allele numbers indicated that the modern US Upland cotton had been losing its genetic diversity during the past century. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) between marker pairs was clearly un-even among chromosomes, and among regions within a chromosome. The average size of a LD block was 6.75 cM at r 2 = 0.10. A neighbor-joining phylogenic tree of these cultivars was generated using marker allele frequencies based on Nei’s genetic distance. The cultivars were grouped into 15 groups according to the phylogenic tree. Grouping results were largely congruent with the breeding history and pedigrees of the cultivars with a few exceptions.
    Euphytica 191(3). · 1.64 Impact Factor

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