Ruthenium(II) photosensitizers of tridentate click-derived cyclometalating ligands: a joint experimental and computational study.
ABSTRACT A systematic series of heteroleptic bis(tridentate)ruthenium(II) complexes of click-derived 1,3-bis(1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)benzene N^C^N-coordinating ligands was synthesized, analyzed by single crystal X-ray diffraction, investigated photophysically and electrochemically, and studied by computational methods. The presented comprehensive characterization allows a more detailed understanding of the radiationless deactivation mechanisms. Furthermore, we provide a fully optimized synthesis and systematic variations towards redox-matched, broadly and intensely absorbing, cyclometalated ruthenium(II) complexes. Most of them show a weak room-temperature emission and a prolonged excited-state lifetime. They display a broad absorption up to 700 nm and high molar extinction coefficients up to 20 000 M(-1)cm(-1) of the metal-to-ligand charge transfer bands, resulting in a black color. Thus, the complexes reveal great potential for dye-sensitized solar-cell applications.